The winegrowing region lies in the east France between the Burgundy and the Switzerland, She has a long, already by the Roman wine writers Pliny the Elder (23-79) documented wine-past, which is attested by numerous Roman wine amphorae found here. The wine from this area was already very popular in the Middle Ages and one of his lovers was king Henry IV (1553-1610). In the city Dôle became Louis Pasteur (1822-1895), and in the city of Arbois he made his groundbreaking investigations oxidation and fermentation by. Before the Phylloxera disaster With 20,000 hectares, the vineyard was more than ten times larger. At that time there were over 40 autochthonous Grape varieties cultivated.
The vineyards today comprise only about 1,900 hectares of vineyards between 250 and 400 meters above sea level in the same department Jura. They concentrate on a strip about ten kilometers wide, starting from Arc-et-Senans in the north to Bourg-en-Bresse in the south. South below is the winegrowing region Savoy with which the Jura is often regarded as a common winegrowing area. The harsh, continental climate with very severe winters and changeable summers with many warm days is characterized by the eponymous Jurassic limestone mountains. A mitigating influence exerts the eastern lying Lac Léman (Lake Geneva). The vintage extends due to the different maturity periods of the grape varieties often into November.
On enrich (Chaptalizing) Wines is common practice. To 80% here are produced white wines, mostly oxidatively expanded become. The wines, which are not made oxidatively in small quantities, are called "Ouillé". The most important white wines are Chardonnay (here also Melon d'Arbois) with almost 50% of the total area, as well as Naturé or Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) for the famous Vin Jaune, The most important red wines are Poulsard Plousard with 20% of the total area, as well Trousseau Noir and Pinot Noir, In addition to the Vin Jaune, the second major Jura specialty is the Vin de paille (Strohwein). The region is also very good for the production of sparkling wine ( Crémant ) suitable. Only two percent of Jura wine production goes into export, the rest is consumed itself. There are about 500 producers. The appellations are: