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The wine-growing region is in the east France between the Burgundy and the Switzerland, It has a long history from Roman wine authors Pliny the older (23-79) documented wine past, which is attested by numerous Roman wine amphorae found here. The wine from this area was very popular in the Middle Ages and one of his lovers was king Henry IV (1553-1610). In the city of Dôle Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) born and in the city of Arbois, he conducted his pioneering investigations into oxidation and fermentation by. Before the Phylloxera disaster With 20,000 hectares, the area under vines was more than ten times as large. At that time, over 40 autochthonous Grape varieties cultivated.

Vineyard near Arbois in the Jura

The vineyards now only cover around 1,900 hectares of vineyards between 250 and 400 meters above sea level in the department of the same name. They concentrate on a strip about ten kilometers wide, starting from Arc-et-Senans in the north to Bourg-en-Bresse in the south. To the south is the wine-growing region Savoy, with which Jura is often viewed as a common area of viticulture. The rough, continental climate with very harsh winters and changeable summers with many warm days is shaped by the eponymous Jura limestone mountains. Lac Léman (Lake Geneva) to the east exerts a mitigating influence. The vintage often extends into November due to the different ripening periods of the grape varieties.

On enrich (Chaptalizing) the wines is common practice. 80% of white wines are produced here, mostly expanded oxidatively become. The wines, which are only slightly oxidized, are known as "Ouillé". The main types of white wine are Chardonnay (here also Melon d'Arbois) with almost 50% of the total area, as well as Naturé or Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) for the famous Vin Jaune, The main types of red wine are poulsard Plousard with 20% of the total area, as well Trousseau Noir and Pinot Noir, In addition to the Vin Jaune, the second major law specialty is the Vin de paille (Strohwein). The region is also very good for sparkling wine production ( Crémant ) suitable. Only two percent of the Jura wine production is exported, the rest is consumed itself. There are around 500 producers. The appellations are:

Image: By Guido Radig - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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