The region (Italian Lazio) with the capital Rome is in the center Italy at the "knee" of the boot. It stretches 320 kilometers to the west along the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. All other six central regions adjoin Latium. These are starting from the north Tuscany. Umbria. Brands (only a short piece), Abruzzo. Molise and Campania, Already in the antiquity There was an extensive winegrowing and a distinctive wine culture here. The area provided food and drink for the capital of the Roman Empire. From here came in antiquity mainly full-bodied, amber, spicy white wines. For many centuries, Rome 's poets praised the wines of Lazio, especially the predecessor of the Frascati, At the nearby papal court, wine played an important role in the Middle Ages. Pope Paul III. (1468-1549) outlawed the French wine and let his wine-grower Sante Lancerio make an overview of the then Italian wines.
The vineyards cover about 19,500 hectares of vineyards. The climate is dry and hot on the coast and becomes increasingly cooler and wetter inland. Except in the Apennines with the highest peak Monte Terminillo with 2,216 meters become almost everywhere vines cultivated. To 80% of white wines are produced on the often volcanic floors thrive especially well. It is noteworthy that within the administrative boundaries of the city of Rome are also extensive vineyards. More than a third of wine production takes place through Winzergenossenschaften, The numerous small winegrowers cultivate an average of only half a hectare of vineyards and deliver most of their grapes to the large cooperative wineries.
The most important white wines of Lazio are Bellone (Cacchione, Uva di Spagna), Bombino Bianco (Bonvino) Chardonnay, Grechetto Bianco ( Grechetto di Orvieto ) Greco. Greco Bianco. Malvasia Bianca di Candia (Malvasia Rossa), Malvasia Bianca Lunga. Malvasia del Lazio (Malvasia Puntinata), Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ), Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot Gris ) Procanico (Variety of Trebbiano Toscano), Rossetto. Sémillon. Trebbiano Toscano. Trebbiano Giallo and Trebbiano Verde ( Verdicchio Bianco ). In many white wines are different varieties of the two major variety groups Malvasia and Trebbiano used.
The most important red wines are Aleatico. Bombino Nero. Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon, Canaiolo ( Canaiolo Nero ) Cesanese (Cesanese di Affile and Cesanese Comune), Ciliegiolo, Grechetto ( Grechetto Rosso ) Merlot. Mointepulciano (Violone) Nero Buono di Cori, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Sangiovese and Syrah, The six IGT areas (Country wines) are Anagni, Civitella d'Agliano, Colli Cimini, Costa Etrusco Romana, Frusinate or del Frusinate and Lazio. There are a variety of DOC / DOCG zones; these are: