Name (also primordial variety) for a vine who are within a large group in the Vines pedigree as origin ( mother or father) applies to many other varieties. Naturally, these are only very old grape varieties, Most of the cultivars cultivated today in Western Europe go to a relatively small group of leading varieties and their spontaneous (natural) intersections back. The most important is probably Gouais Blanc (Heunisch or Weißer Heunisch), of which well over 100 varieties, among others Riesling (Germany), Chardonnay (France), Blaufränkisch and Sylvaner (Austria), and Furmint (Hungary) descended.
The grape varieties too Traminer (French Savagnin Blanc, most common variety Gewurztraminer ) Chenin Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc and Red Veltliner, such as Pinot (often together with Gouais Blanc often together as a couple) have left numerous traces. More than 150 grape varieties derive from the three most important Gouais Blanc, Pinot or Traminer through the most likely natural crossing. Other leading varieties with many offspring are Alfrocheiro. Cabernet Franc. Cayetana Blanca. Chasselas. Rèze. Garganega. To lift. Luglienga Bianca. Muscat Blanc. Nebbiolo. Sangiovese. Teroldego and Tribidrag, as well as the one imported from Spain in South America Listán Prieto (Criolla Chica, Mission, País) and Muscat d'Alexandrie,
Some groups of grape varieties are often incorrectly referred to as the “variety family” because there are numerous varieties with the same part of the name. The most well-known are Lambrusco. Malvasia. muscatel. Trebbiano and Vernaccia, Quite a few within these groups are not related to each other. See also on the topic below Vines pedigree as well as a list of relevant keywords under grapevine,
However, the proportional main variety (mostly well over half) is also used as a leading variety in one Cuvée (Blend) and also the most important grape variety in the variety index of a winery.