The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between the underlay vine Millardet et Grasset 101-14 - bloomed open (Riparia x Rupestris) x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Frühe Schwarze, Kuhlmann 194-2 and Millot. They are genes from Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace by the breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). The variety was named in honor of the President of Sociéte Vosgienne de Viticulture Léon Millot (1881-1960). The new varieties were created with the same parents Etoile I. Etoile II. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Foch. Maréchal Joffre and Pinard, The Léon Millot variety was also a crossing partner in the new breed Millot-Foch,
The vine ripens very early and is resistant to frost and fungal diseases and is well suited for cool climatic conditions. It produces bright red wines with soft tannins. The variety is also called table grape and used for grape juice production. She was in Alsace very popular and widespread as a color-enhancing blend; today there are only 78 hectares. There is a small inventory in the Switzerland (9 ha). The wine pioneer Adhémar de brought them in the 1940s Chaunac (* 1896) after Canada (3 hectares) and was imported from there to some US states (8 hectares). The variety occupied 102 hectares of vineyards in 2010.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)