The red grape variety is an interspecific new breeding between the rootstock Millardet et Grasset 101-14 - openly bloomed (Riparia x Rupestris) x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Early Blacks, Kuhlmann 194-2 and Millot. They are genes of Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace by the breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). The variety was named in honor of the president of Sociéte Vosgienne de Viticulture Léon Millot (1881-1960). With the same parents, the new breeds were born Etoile I. Etoile II. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Foch. Maréchal Joffre and Pinard, The variety Léon Millot was also crossing partner in the new breed Millot-Foch,
The very early ripening vine is resistant to frost and fungal diseases and is well suited for cool climatic conditions. It produces colorful red wines with soft tannins. The variety is also called table grape and used for grape juice production. She was in Alsace as a color-enhancing blend very popular and widely used; today it is only 78 hectares. There is a small stock in the Switzerland (9 ha). In the 1940s, she brought the viticulture pioneer Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896) after Canada (3 ha) and was introduced from there to some US states (8 ha). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 102 hectares of vineyards.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)