AOC area in the west of the wine-growing region Provence, It forms a small enclave within the area Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence, to which he counted until 1995 (red wines) and 2005 (white wines). One can see the area as Grand Cru with stricter regulations. As the first French appellation, only wines from here are biodynamic viticulture authorized. The vineyards on the Alpilles hills to the south of Avignon cover 300 hectares of vineyards in the eight municipalities of Les Baux-de-Provence, Fontvieille, Maussane-les-Alpilles, Mouriès, Paradou, Eygalières, Saint-Etienne-du-Grès et Saint-Rémy -de-Provence.
Half of the red and rose wines, half of which are produced, are made from the Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah, as well as a maximum of 40% Cinsault. Counoise, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) and Cabernet Sauvignon blended. The varieties are for the white wines produced in small quantities Bourboulenc. Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne. Roussanne. Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon, Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) and Vermentino authorized. Well-known producers are Mas de la Dame, Mas de Gourgonnier, Domaine Olivier d'Auge, Domaine de Trévallon and Domaine de la Vallongue.