AOC area in the west of the winegrowing region Provence, It forms a small enclave within the area Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence to which he counted before his independence until 1995 (red wines) and 2005 (white wines). You can see the area as Grand Cru consider with stricter provisions. As the first French appellation here are only wines from biodynamic viticulture authorized. The vineyards on the hills of the Alpilles south of Avignon cover 300 hectares of vineyards in the eight municipalities Les Baux -de-Provence, Fontvieille, Maussane -les-Alpilles, Mouriès, Paradou, Eygalières, Saint-Etienne-du-Grès et Saint-Rémy -de-Provence.
The red wines and rosé wines, which are 90% produced in each case, are made from Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah, as well as a maximum of 40% Cinsault. Counoise, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) and Cabernet Sauvignon blended. For the produced in small quantities white wines are the varieties Bourboulenc. Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne. Roussanne. Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon, Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) and Vermentino authorized. Well-known producers are Mas de la Dame, Mas de Gourgonnier, Domaine Olivier d'Auge, Domaine de Trévallon and Domaine de la Vallongue.