See below corkscrew,
Device (also corkscrew or graft puller) for removing the cork from the bottle neck. The cork became the most common bottle stopper in Europe from the middle of the 17th century. Initially, the corks were not completely pushed into the bottle neck, making removal a little easier. The first primitive devices were small, pointed ice spikes, with which the cork was often removed piece by piece. The T-corkscrew named after the shape is the oldest and most common variant and only consists of a spiral that is attached to the cross handle. The corkscrew was first mentioned in 1681, the English term "corkscrew" was coined around 1720. Until then, "Worm" (worm) or "Bottlescrew" was also used. If the spiral has a so-called “soul” as in the picture on the right (so that a match fits into the inner winding), this is called a helix. The soul prevents the cork from crumbling.
In the second half of the eighteenth century there were the first bell corkscrews in which the process of pulling was gently supported using a threaded rod. The Englishman Samuel Hershaw filed his patent in 1795. A small disc located above the spiral stopped the screwing movement of the corkscrew into the cork and set the cork in rotation. The reduced friction of the cork on the bottle neck allows the cork to be pulled gently. An improved version was developed in 1802 by his compatriot Edward Thomason. His patent continued the turning movements of screwing in and initiated the pulling process via a second, counter-rotating shaft thread. In the wooden variant shown on the right, the spindle is turned into the cork with the upper cross handle. When it is fully screwed in, the cork is pulled out through the thread using the lower cross handle.
There are countless variants of the scissor corkscrew (also joint, link or accordion corkscrew). The first of its kind was patented in England in 1884 by Marshall Arthur Wier. Improved...