The Russian-born Alexis Lichine (1913-1989) left home with his family before the revolution and grew up in France. After the American prohibition (1920-1933) He worked in the US in the 1930s a few years for the wine importer and journalist Frank Schoonmaker (1905-1976).
After the Second World War, he returned to France and dealt with wine trade He mainly sold German and French wines to America and made a name for himself. In the 1950s, he founded a wine trading company in the US and sold only producer bottlings of large and significant wineries.
He sold this in 1964, started to grow his own vineyard and wrote books - the first was "The Wines of France". Like the second work "Alexis Lichine's Encyclopedia of Wines and Spirits" it became a great success. In 1951 he bought the Château Prieuré in Médoc and named it Château Prieuré-Lichine, A year later, he also bought that Château Lascombes in Margaux ( Médoc, Bordeaux) that he directed until the sale in 1971.