The Russian-born Alexis Lichine (1913-1989) left home with his family before the revolution and grew up in France. After the American prohibition
(1920-1933) He worked in the US in the 1930s a few years for the wine importer and journalist Frank Schoonmaker
(1905-1976). After the Second World War, he returned to France and dealt with wine trade
He mainly sold German and French wines to America, making a name for himself. In the 1950s, he founded a wine trading company in the US and sold only producer bottlings of large and significant wineries. He sold this in 1964, started to grow his own vineyard and wrote books - the first was "The Wines of France". Like the second work "Alexis Lichine's Encyclopedia of Wines and Spirits", it became a great success. In 1951 he bought the Château Prieuré in Médoc and named it Château Prieuré-Lichine
, A year later he bought that as well Château Lascombes
in Margaux that he directed until the sale in 1971.