The region (Italian Liguria) is located in the northwest Italy and clings kidney-shaped to the Gulf of Genoa. The 350-kilometer long coast of the Riviera di Levante and Riviera di Ponente stretches from the French border in the west to the northern edge of the Tuscany, The mostly rugged and stony land is difficult to manage. The capital Genoa was already in the antiquity a major port and in the Middle Ages Venice the second most important transshipment point for wine. Even the Greek historian Strabo (63 BC-28 AD) praised the Ligurian wine. The famous naturalist and philosopher Andrea Bacci (1521-1590) wrote exuberantly, "that the wines of Liguria could even make stones bloom."
The vineyards cover about 1,500 hectares of vineyards. The steep, laboriously carved into the rock terraced Vineyards are mainly in the Arroscia Valley in the west and in the Miagra Valley in the southeast. The climate is Mediterranean and dry, protecting the Ligurian Alps and Apennines, which are more than 2,500 meters high, from cold winds and the sea storing the heat of the sun. Inland, it can be described as semi-continental. The reddish, calcareous soil occurring along the coast is very suitable for white wine varieties. There are more than a hundred for the most part autochthonous Grape varieties often cultivated in tiny quantities. One strives to reactivate them and to save them from extinction.
The international varieties hardly play a role in the DOC regulations. The most important white wines are Albarola. Bianchetta genovese. Bosco. Lumassina, Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ) Pigato. Rossese Bianco di San Biagio. Ruzzese. Scimiscià. Trebbiano Toscano and Vermentino, The most important red wines are Ciliegiolo, Granaccia / Alicante ( Garnacha Tinta ), Massaretta ( Barsaglina ), Ormeasco ( Dolcetto ) Pollera Nera. Rossese di Campochiesa, Rossese di Dolceacqua ( Tibouren ) and Sangiovese, The four IGT areas (or IGP - the land wines) are Colline del Genovesato, Colline Savonesi, Liguria di Levante and Terrazze dell'Imperiese. The eight DOC wines are (there is no DOCG wine yet):