The literature on the subject of wine and viticulture is at least as varied and extensive as the wines of the world. Already in the Old Testament the Bible But also older works, wine is a central theme and is often mentioned. Viticulture and wine culture at a professional level already existed at least 6,000 to maybe even 8,000 years ago antiquity, The origin of the cultivated grapevine or viticulture is in Mesopotamia Mesopotamia, in Transcaucasia (Georgia) or according to the latest findings in Southeast Anatolia in the Turkey, Already at that time was written about wine, but you can not yet call this as wine literature. As the first witness of Greek wine culture applies Homer in his works Iliad and Odyssey about 730 BC. In poetic form on viticulture and Weingenuss reported.
Many other ancient authors wrote about the topic from an agricultural or historical point of view. That was among other things Hesiod (~ 750-680 BC), Anacreon (~ 580-495 BC), Socrates (470-399 BC), Xenophon (430-354 BC), Aristophanes (450-380 BC), Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Strabo (63 BC-28 AD). The doctors Hippocrates (460-377 BC) and Galen (129-216) dealt intensively with the health Aspect of wine enjoyment. The originating from a completely different culture and around 400 BC. BC living Carthaginians Mago wrote extensively about the viticultural practices of Phoenicians, His works are no longer preserved, but he is often quoted by later, especially Roman authors.
A first highlight reached the professional literature in Roman antiquity in the 1st century. n. Chr. with numerous publications over agriculture and / or agriculture with the partial range viticulture. However, only a few of them have survived and only exist in fragments in the form of transcripts or reprints. Some Roman authors can already be described as specialist authors, the most important ones are probably Cato the Elder (234-149 BC), Varro (116-27 BC), Virgil (70-19 BC), Columella (1st cent.), Pliny the Elder (23-79) and Palladius (4th century). And also the poets Horace (65-8 BC), ovid (43 BC to 8 AD) and Seneca (1-65) paid homage to the wine in the form of lyric, essay, poem or satire. Insightful information about the dining and drinking culture the Roman upper class in the 1st century. AD contains the well-known work Satyricon,
After the decline of the Roman Empire and subsequent turmoil of migration, there was also a decline in viticulture and thus also the literature about it. Only in the high Middle Ages beginning around 900 n. Chr. Won by the special achievements of the monastic orders of the Benedictine and later Cistercian the viticulture and related literature again in importance. The agricultural collection created in the 10th century Geoponika draws on some of the already mentioned ancient wine writers of the Greeks and Romans. Among the most famous wine writers of the end of the Middle Ages to the beginning of modern times count Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179), Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320), Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) and Johann quickly (1540-1612) with his "Wine Book: Von Baw, Pfleg and Custom of Wine".
From the beginning of the 17th century, many authors already dealt with the topic in scientific quality. The naturalist Philipp Jakob Sachs von Löwenheim (1627-1672) founded the oldest medical and scientific journal in the world in 1670 in Breslau. In his treatise on the Rebstock he justified the term ampelography, The theoretical considerations about viticulture and winemaking of Balthasar sprinkler (1724-1791) are already scientifically justified and secured by practical experiments. His three-volume wine-growing book of 2,300 pages with viticultural techniques and characterization of the grape varieties, in which he also treats the versions of ancient authors, is considered a standard work.
From that time began to diversify or specialization in wine literature. For the first time were in addition to the classic themes Weingarten Care. grape varieties and vinification or cellar techniques also special topics such as the tasting and qualitative assessment of wines ( wine review ) with appropriate vocabulary ( wine address ) or " Which wine with which food "And publications on vineyards and their wines ( wine guide ). In this connection also the writing guild of the wine critic and became increasingly important.
Many famous personalities have made statements about wine, of which innumerable examples under the keyword Quotes are listed. In biographies is also common on the drinking culture or the drinking habits of prominent people and their alcoholic preferences or favorite wines mentioned. In the following list, about 200 authors, journalists, publicists and wine critics are ranked alphabetically from antiquity to modern times. Either they have published some noteworthy essays on the subject of wine and viticulture or simply "only" - as the first mentioned Alcaeus with "In vino veritas" - made a meaningful remark about wine. The lineup can also be understood as a "who's who" of wine literature. Some of them are members of Weinfeder eV, an association of German-speaking wine journalists:
As a valuable and rich source for those in this glossary contained biographies of numerous personalities was courtesy of the association Society for the History of Wine eV the documentary "Personalities of the wine culture - short biographies from 16 centuries" (writings to the wine history No. 140, Wiesbaden 2002) used by Paul Claus and coworkers. On the website of this company will be free of charge Bibliography on the history and culture of wine provided with about 30,000 recorded works on wine. See also other viticulture personalities under wine guide and wine critic,
The glossary contains around 5,000 closely-written A4 pages, which is roughly the size and content of these wine books. These were also used as a source (see About the Glossary ).