The literature on the subject of wine and viticulture is at least as varied and extensive as the wines of the world. Already in the Old Testament Bible Wine is also a central theme in older works and is often mentioned. Viticulture and wine culture at a professional level already existed in the region at least 6,000 to perhaps even 8,000 years ago antiquity, The origin of the cultivated grapevine or viticulture lies in the two streams Mesopotamia, in Transcaucasia (Georgia) or according to the latest knowledge in Southeastern Anatolia in the Turkey, Wine was already written at this time, but this cannot yet be described as wine literature. Considered the first witness of Greek wine culture Homer, who in his works Ilias and Odyssey around 730 BC BC in poetic form about viticulture and Weingenuss reported.
Many other ancient authors wrote about the topic from an agricultural or historical perspective. That was among other things Hesiod (~ 750-680 BC), Anacreon (~ 580-495 BC), Socrates (470-399 BC), Xenophon (430-354 BC), Aristophanes (450-380 BC), Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Strabo (63 BC-AD 28). The doctors Hippocrates (460-377 BC) and Galen (129-216) dealt intensively with the health Aspect of wine enjoyment. The origin of a completely different culture and around 400 BC. BC Carthaginians living Mago wrote extensively about the viticulture practices of the Phoenicians, His works are no longer preserved, but he is often quoted by later, especially Roman authors.
Professional literature reached its first high point in Roman antiquity in the 1st century. AD with numerous publications on agriculture or agriculture with the sub-area of viticulture. However, only a few of these have survived and only exist in fragments in the form of copies or reprints. Some Roman authors can already be described as specialist authors, the most important are probably Cato the Elder (234-149 BC), Varro (116-27 BC), Virgil (70-19 BC), Columella (1st century), Pliny the Elder (23-79) and Palladius (4th century). And also the poets Horace (65-8 BC), ovid (43 BC to AD 8) and Seneca (1-65) paid homage to wine in the form of poetry, essay, poem or satire. Revealing information about the eating and drinking culture the Roman upper class in the 1st century AD contains the well-known work Satyricon,
After the decline of the Roman Empire and the subsequent turmoil of the migration of peoples, there was also a decline in viticulture and with it the literature about it. It was only in the High Middle Ages, beginning around 900 AD, that the monastic order won the Benedictine and later Cistercian the viticulture and related literature again in importance. The agricultural collective work originated in the 10th century Geoponika falls back on some of the ancient Greek and Roman wine authors mentioned above. One of the most famous wine authors of the late Middle Ages to the beginning of modern times Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179), Petrus de Crescentiis (1230-1320), Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) and Johann quickly (1540-1612) with his "Wine Book: On Baw, Care and Customs of Wine".
From the beginning of the 17th century, many authors dealt with the topic in an already scientific quality. The naturalist Philipp Jakob Sachs from Löwenheim (1627-1672) founded the world's oldest medical and scientific journal in Wroclaw in 1670. In his treatise on the Rebstock he justified the term ampelography, The theoretical considerations about viticulture and winemaking from Balthasar sprinkler (1724-1791) are already scientifically founded and backed up by practical tests. His three-volume 2,300-page wine book with viticulture techniques and characterization of the grape varieties, in which he also deals with the explanations of ancient authors, is considered a standard work.
From this time, diversification and specialization in wine literature began to increase. For the first time, in addition to the classic topics Weingarten Care. grape varieties and vinification or cellar techniques also special topics such as the tasting and qualitative assessment of wines ( wine review ) with appropriate vocabulary ( wine address ) or " Which wine with which food “As well as publications on wine-growing areas and their wines ( wine guide ) treated. The writing guild of the wine critic and became increasingly important.
Many famous people have made statements about wine, of which countless examples under the keyword Quotes are listed. Biographies often refer to the drinking culture or the drinking habits of prominent people and their alcoholic preferences or favorite wines mentioned. In the following list, around 200 authors, journalists, publicists and wine critics are listed alphabetically from antiquity to modern times. Either they published treatises worth mentioning in some form on the subject of wine and viticulture, or they simply "just" - like the first-mentioned Alkäus with "In vino veritas" - made a meaningful statement about wine. The list can also be understood as a "who's who" of wine literature. Some of them are members of Weinfeder eV, an association of German-speaking wine publicists:
As a valuable and fruitful source for those in this glossary contained biographies of numerous personalities was courtesy of the association Society for the History of Wine eV the documentation "Personalities of Wine Culture - Short Biographies from 16 Centuries" (Writings on Wine History No. 140, Wiesbaden 2002) used by Paul Claus and co-workers. On the website of this company, the Bibliography on the history and culture of wine with around 30,000 recorded works on wine. See also other viticulture personalities below wine guide and wine critic,
The glossary comprises around 5,000 A4 pages that are described in detail, which is roughly the scope and content of these wine books. These were also used as a source (see under About the glossary ).