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23.021 Keywords • 48.219 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.327 Pronunciations • 154.138 Cross-references

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Little Karoo

Wine region (also Little Karoo) in South Africa which extends in an elongated form from the region to the west Breede River Valley extends to the coast to the Indian Ocean. The name Karoo is of Hottian origin and is derived from "kurú" (dry), which indicates the hot, dry and low-rain climate. The region comprises the two districts Calitzdorp and Langeberg-Garcia, as well as the independent, non-district five wards Montagu, Outeniqua, Tradouw, Tradouw Highlands and Upper Langkloof. The area is particularly famous for its ostrich farms and sheep farming. In this extremely dry area with very little rainfall, viticulture is only artificial irrigation possible.

The vineyards cover 2,904 hectares of vineyards (2009) and extend as a 250 km long band in the Karoobecken amidst bizarre mountain landscapes mainly in valleys, along the rivers and in gorges. Many of them lie on sandy alluvial soils on the banks of rivers, which are used for irrigation. 75% of white wines are made primarily from Colombard, Chenin Blanc (Steen), Chardonnay, Muscat d'Alexandrie and Sauvignon Blanc, and 25% red wines from mainly Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinotage and Ruby Cabernet. In the West, these are especially important fortified wines and dry white wines, called sweet dessert wines in the east Jerepigo and port wine-like products. Well-known wineries are Boplaas Estate, The Cranes, The Poort, Grundheim, Calitzdorp Coop and Mons Rubet. The other regions are Boberg. Breede River Valley. Cape South Coast. Coastal region and Olifants River,

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