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Longworth Nicholas

The trained lawyer Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863) was one of the first commercial wine producers in the United States, He tried unsuccessfully to cultivate European vines on the banks of the Ohio River in 1823, but all of them from the phylloxera were destroyed. The cause was not known at that time. In 1825 he received from the surveyor John Adlum (1759-1836) cuttings of the hybrid variety Catawba and built them on a large scale on his lands near Cincinnati on the Ohio River in the state Ohio on. By 1842, 480 hectares had been planted. Longworth made it the first American sparkling wine "Sparkling Catawba". Catawba wine was even exported to Europe at the time and was well received here.

The US writer Henry Longfellow (1807-1882) praised him in 1854 in one of his famous ballads. The vine grower Nicholas Herbemont (1771-1839) left in Longwick in 1828 several cuttings of the variety Jacquez in a cigar box (hence Cigar Box Grape). The Ohio River was then called the "Rhine of America". In 1859, just before the American Civil War, the Ohio River was home to one-third of America's vineyards, and it was twice as rich in wine California generated. The Civil War (1861-1865), Rebkrankheiten and Longworth's death ended these first great successes. But the foundation for a successful viticulture in the United States of America was laid with it.

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