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23.030 Keywords • 48.228 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.336 Pronunciations • 154.274 Cross-references

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Longworth Nicholas

The trained lawyer Nicholas Longworth (1783-1863) was one of the first commercial wine producers in the United States, In 1823 he tried unsuccessfully to plant European vines on the banks of the Ohio River, but all of them phylloxera were destroyed. The cause was not known at the time. In 1825 he received John from the surveyor Adlum (1759-1836) cuttings of the hybrid variety Catawba and built it extensively on its properties near Cincinnati on the Ohio River in the state Ohio on. In 1842 this had already planted 480 hectares. Longworth made the first American sparkling wine "Sparkling Catawba" from it. Catawba wine was even exported to Europe at the time and was well received here.

The American writer Henry Longfellow (1807-1882) praised him in one of his famous ballads in 1854. The vine grower Nicholas Herbemont (1771-1839) Longworth left several cuttings of the variety in 1828 Jacquez in a cigar box (hence cigar box grape). The Ohio River was then called the "Rhine of America". In 1859, just before the American Civil War, one third of America's vineyards were on the Ohio River and twice as much wine was made as in California generated. The civil war (1861-1865), vine diseases and Longworth's death ended these first great successes. But the foundation stone for a successful viticulture in the United States of America was laid.

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