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Loreley

Area of ​​the German growing area middle Rhine; look there.

The growing area in Germany covers only 458 hectares. It extends mostly in the state Rheinland-Pfalz from Oberdollendorf bei Königswinter opposite Bonn to the north of Bingen partly on both banks of the eponymous middle course of the Rhine, A small area is located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. In the heart of the beautiful river landscape lies Koblenz. The Romans founded viticulture here after the founding of the cities of Cologne (Colonia) and Bonn (Bonna). There was a heyday in the Middle Ages under the leadership of Cistercian, which built the now more than ruin existing monastery Heisterbach above Oberdollendorf. The city of Bacharach is an ancient wine trading center.

In Niederlahnstein is the famous "Wirtshaus an der Lahn". In the municipality of St. Goarshausen is the world famous 132 meter high Loreley rock. The legend from the 19th century reports that here a mermaid lured the Rhine boatmen by their lovely singing and had their boats smashed against the slate rock. The poet Heinrich Heine (1797-1856) made the world famous Loreley with the lines "I do not know what it means that I am so sad". She is also patron and landmark of the growing area. Annually on the first weekend of September takes place at the castle Rheinfels, municipality St. Goar on the Loreley rock the "Wine Forum Middle Rhine" and on the first Saturday in May the "Middle Rhine Wine Fair" in Bacharach-Steeg instead.

Map of the growing region Middle Rhine

The vineyards extend over 120 kilometers on both sides of the Rhine deep into the side valleys. Some of them are also on the banks of the Lahn. The landscape, overwhelmingly beautiful, with many ruins of castles, presents itself as a narrow band of vineyards, some of them terraced on the steeply rising slopes of the river. This was also taken into account by the UNESCO in 2002, the Middle Rhine Valley between Bingen-Büdesheim and Koblenz to World Heritage explained. The sheltered locations benefit from many sunny days; the Rhine acts as an excellent heat storage. The soils consist of weathered slate and greywacke, scattered Löss islands and in the north of volcanic rock. More than 80% of the vineyards are steep slopes with at least 30% Tilt, the rest almost only slopes, Some such as in the Boppard Hamm count among the steepest vineyards Germany. The elaborate processing causes the surfaces to shrink continuously. In the last 30 years this was around 40%. The cultivation area is divided into the two areas Loreley and Siebengebirge with eleven large layers and 111 individual layers.

Rheinschleife - communities Osterspai, Filsen and Boppard

The Loreley area is divided into the ten major locations Burg Hammerstein, Rheinfels Castle, Gedeonseck, Lahntal, Loreleyfelsen, Marksburg, Herrenberg Castle, Schönburg Castle, Stahleck Castle and Reichenstein Castle. Typical is the terrace wine. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers are:

  • Bacharach : tap, Heylesen...

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