The French ruler, Louis XIV (1638-1715), known as the “Sun King”, represents the pinnacle of the absolutist monarchy in Europe. His main goal was the complete centralization of all power over his person, which is manifested by the saying "L'état c'est moi" (I am the state). He surrounded himself with the most outstanding men of his era in the areas of administration, economy, construction, military, art and science.
The royal family had large vineyards in all important wine-growing areas, traditionally for example in Aÿ, the most important community in the Champagne, During the reign of Louis XIV, the inexorable rise of the champagne, The famous Benedictine monk Dom Pierre Pérignon Interestingly, (1638-1715), who contributed significantly to the development of this sparkling wine, has the same life dates as Louis XIV.
The king was a great connoisseur and wine lover. The Hungarian he particularly valued Tokaj he awarded the honorable title "Vinum Regnum - Rex Vinorum" Wine of Kings - King of Wine (but others too vintages received). The personal physician Guy-Crescent Fagon (1638-1718) recommended a red wine to the aging king Nuits-Saint-Georges on the Côte d'Or (Burgundy). Other wines he valued came from the wineries or areas Cabrières. Château Giscours. Château Palmer. Cornas. Coulée-de-Serrant. Lirac. Mâconnais. Rosé des Riceys and Vin doux naturel (Roussillon). He was a regular at the famous restaurant La Tour d'Argent in Paris, where 450,000 bottles of wine are stored in the cellar.