The white grape variety comes from Portugal. The name means "laurel" and refers to the taste of the berries. Synonyms are Amarnate, Arinto, Arinto Branco, Branco Redondo, Branco Redondos, Dourado, Loureiro Blanco, Loureiro Branco ( Portugal ); Loureira, Loureira Blanca, Marqués, Marquez ( Spain ); Rutherglen Pedro. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Arinto (Arinto de Bucelas) or Galego Dourado (Rutherglen Pedro) can be confused. According to in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Amaral x Branco Escola, However, this is based on only 17 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). For the guess as to whether it is the Spanish variety Loureiro Tinto to a color mutation acts (or vice versa), as well as whether there is a relationship to the variety Mencia (Loureiro Tinto) are lacking genetic evidence.
The early ripening, productive vine is susceptible to fungal diseases (real and wrong mildew such as Botrytis ). It produces white wines with aromas of laurel, orange, acacia and apple, often with the varieties Arinto and Trajadura be blended. It is found in Portugal in the northern regions Douro. Estremadura. Ribatejo and (as the second most important variety) Vinho Verde, as well as on the Azores grown. The Portuguese acreage is 3,469 hectares. In Spain it will be especially in the region Galicia cultivated on 585 hectares of vineyards and is there in the fields Rias Baixas. Ribeira Sacra and Ribeiro authorized. The total acreage in 2010 was 4,054 hectares. The variety thus proved worldwide varieties ranking rank 125.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)