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Lower Austria

Lower Austria (GB)
Baja Austria (ES)
Basse-Autriche (F)
Neder-Oostenrijk (N)
Bassa Austria (I)
Baixa Áustria (PO)

The federal state of Lower Austria with the capital St. Pölten is located in the east Austria, With an area of around 19,200 km², it is the largest federal state. It encloses the Austrian capital Wien, adjacent to the north Czech Republic, in the northeast to the Slovakia as well as in the southeast to the southeast Burgenland, in the south to the Styria and in the west upper Austria,

Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) Winepresses to the Danube brought the native people pressed the so-called Markomannen wine. Viticulture was strongly influenced by Wien , the Stift Klosterneuburg, as well as those of the Benedictines founded pins Göttweig in the Kremstal and influenced Melk in the Wachau. These were centers of spiritual and cultural life and also strongholds of exemplary wine culture. Great influence also had the former Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origin dates back to the 9th century. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. It acquired large vineyards and introduced advanced viticulture methods. In 1636, a basement order was issued, in which, among other things, the "Zuberaithung Schwebl" (sulfur) was precisely regulated. The winery Hofkellerei Foundation Prince Liechtenstein there is still today.

Wine growing regions Lower Austria

There are different climatic conditions (Atlantic, continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, clay and primary rock). This also results in a large variety of wines. By far the largest wine-growing region Weinviertel covers more than half of the vineyards and is therefore divided into three major areas Falkenberg. Mailberg and Retz divided. Together with the two generic ones wine regionsBurgenland and Wien Lower Austria forms the wine regionwine country, which is used as indication of origin for Vins serves. The generic one wine region Lower Austria is divided into eight specific wine-growing regions. In all quality wines must be on label the generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria appears; with DAC wines additionally the DAC designation, The vineyards with the vineyards 2015 (in Klammer dié values 2009):

Lower Austria - Karte'mit 9 Weinbaugebieten

Blend

Lower Austria is a classic white wine country, accounting for around three quarters of the wine produced. The federal state supplies over 60% of Austrian wine production. In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 28,146 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 27,128 hectares, this was an increase of almost 4%. The proportion of white wines is 75.3%, the proportion of red wines 24.7%. The clearly dominant grape variety is the Grüner Veltliner with almost half of the stock:

Grape variety - Austrian
main name
officially permitted in Austria
Synonyms
colour hectare
2015
% -Ant
2015
hectare
2009
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 12920 45.9 11873
Zweigelt Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3521 12.5 3328
White Riesling Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 1730 6.1 1538
Riesling White 1312 4.7 1346
Blue Portuguese - red 1246 4.4 1593
Müller-Thurgau rivaner White 1231 4.4 1392
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Klevner White 842 3.0 867
Blauburger - red 604 2.1 701
ChardonnayMorillon - Not used in Lower Austria White 604 2.1 460
muscatel Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc White 389 1.4 232
Gem. Set knows - White 366 1.3 593
Neuburger - White 352 1.3 424
Frühroter Veltliner malmsey White 352 1.2 396
St. Laurent - red 342 1.2 348
Blue Burgundy Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir red 293 1.0 271
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 289 1.0 205
Merlot - red 258 0.9 223
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 200 0.7 204
Red Veltliner - White 193 0.7 192
Gem. Set red - red 156 0.6 24
Blaufränkisch - red 149 0.5 149
Rotgipfler - White 118 0.4 104
Roesler - red 102 0.4 84
TraminerGewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T. White 101 0.4 87
Muscat Ottonel - White 90 0.3 89
Zierfandler Spätrot White 77 0.3 84
Gray Burgundy Pinot gris, Ruländer White 48 0.2 40
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 47 0.2 49
Syrah Shiraz red 36 0.1 24
Bouvier - White 30 0.1 26
Sylvaner Green Sylvaner White 27 0.1 28
Goldburger - White 20 0.1 24
Cabernet Franc - red 13 - 22
Rathay - red 12 - 9
Jubiläumsrebe - White 2.5 - 4
Blue Wildbacher - red 1 - 1
Furmint - White 0.5 - -
and white varieties - White 67 0.2 87
and red varieties - red 8.5 - 6
WHITE VARIETIES 21205 75.3 20141
RED VARIETIES 6941 24.7 6987
TOTAL 28146 100 27128

producers

Well-known winegrower associations or Winzergenossenschaften are in Lower Austria Falkensteiner mountain court. Kamptal Classic. Mail Mountain Valley. Premium wineries Weinviertel. Therme Winzer. Traditionsweingüter Austria. Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus. Wagramer selection. Wineries Retzer Land and Wineries Wagram, The wineries are each listed among the eight wine regions.

Map: © ÖWM

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