The white grape variety probably comes from Italy, the exact origin is not known. The over 100 Synonyms testify to old age and the former widespread use in Europe. The most important, grouped alphabetically by country, are Early White Malvasia ( Germany. Austria ); Agostenga, Agostina, Agostinga, Aostenga, Bianca Capella, Bianca Capello, Bona in Ca, Lignenga, Luclienca Bianca, Luigese, Lugliatica Verde, Malvasia Belaia, Uva di Sant'Anna ( Italy ); Gustana, Malvaziya Belaya ( Slovenia ); Jouanenc, Lignan Blanc, Madeleine Blanche, Petit Blanc ( France ); Golden Hamburg ( England ); Augustauer, Augustina, Augusttraube, Bernarda, Early Leipzig, Yellow Silk Grape, Green Silk Grape, Silk Grape ( Germany. Austria ); Bernarda, Prié Blanc ( Switzerland ). The name is derived from "Luglio" (July) and refers to early maturity.
An early written mention in the Piedmont under the name Luglienchis dates from 1329. The French ampelographer Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) was first described in 1888. In his opinion, it came to France from the north of Italy in the 14th century. From the university gardener Johann Butcher (1789-1852) it became 1827 under the name silk grape and 1870 by the German ampelographer Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) mentioned under the name yellow silk grape as a white wine variety. It has been used mainly for centuries table grape and Zierrebe frequently on pergolas behaved.
According to in 2005 DNA analysis exists between Luglienca Bianca and the Valais variety that is often confused with her Prié a Parent-offspring relationship, Confusingly, however, DNA analyzes carried out in 2013 showed that Luglienca Bianca is a presumably natural cross between Bermestia Bianca x Agostenga comes. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). For Agostenga are in VIVC catalog the synonyms Luglienca Bianca (with "c") and Prié. It is not clear which variety this Agostenga is. Because according to Wine grapes Agostenga is only a synonym for Luglienga Bianca (with "g"). So a final clarification is still pending.
Luglienga Bianca is in any case considered in the European gene pool leading variety with many offspring. The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Augusta (1), Lival and Seneca (1). The early ripening, vigorous vine is resistant to wintry ones frost but prone to Botrytis, To a small extent, it was / is also considered Kelter grape used. No holdings were reported in 2010 (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)