The white grape probably comes from Italy However, the exact origin is not clear. The over 100 Synonyms testify to old age and the formerly wide distribution in Europe. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Early White Malvasia ( Germany. Austria ); Agostego, Agostina, Agostinga, Aostenga, Bianca Capella, Bianca Capello, Bona in Ca, Lignenga, Luclienca Bianca, Luigese, Lugliatica Verde, Malvasia Belaia, Uva di Sant'Anna ( Italy ); Gustavia, Malvaziya Belaya ( Slovenia ); Jouanenc, Lignan Blanc, Madeleine Blanche, Petit Blanc ( France ); Golden Hamburg ( England ); Augustauer, Augustina, August grape, Bernarda, Early Leipzig, Yellow silk grape, Green silk grape, Seidentra grape ( Germany. Austria ); Bernarda, Prié Blanc ( Switzerland ). The name derives from "Luglio" (July) and refers to early maturity.
An early written mention in the Piedmont under the name Luglienchis dates from 1329. The French Ampelograph Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) she first described in 1888. In his opinion, it has already arrived in the 14th century from the north of Italy to France. From the university gardener Johann Butcher (1789-1852) she was in 1827 under the name Seidentraube and 1870 by the German Ampelographen Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) mentioned under the name yellow silk grape as a white wine variety. It was mainly used for centuries as table grape and Zierrebe frequently pergolas behaved.
According to 2005 DNA analysis exists between Luglienca Bianca and the often confused with her Valais variety Prié a Parent-offspring relationship, Confusingly, however, DNA analyzes carried out in 2013 revealed that Luglienca Bianca is believed to be a natural cross between Bermestia Bianca x Agostenga comes. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). For Agostenga be in the VIVC catalog the synonyms Luglienca Bianca (with "c") and Prié indicated. Which variety is this Agostenga, but is not clear. Because according to Wine Grapes Agostenga is only a synonym for Luglienga Bianca (with "g"). Thus, a final clarification is still pending.
In any case, Luglienga Bianca is considered as a European gene pool leading variety with many offspring. The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Augusta (1), Lival and Seneca (1). The early ripening, vigorous vine is resistant to winter frost but prone to Botrytis, To a limited extent, it was / is also called Kelter grape used. In 2010, no inventory was reported (Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)