Name for a special wine from the wine community Donnerskirchen im Burgenland (Austria). It dates from 1526 and is one of the oldest mentions of one Trockenbeerenauslese, The name "Lutherwein" is due to the fact that the Donnerskirchner citizens stubbornly to the religion of the reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546) and could only be brought back to Catholicism under great pressure. The princely family Esterházy acquired in 1653 the possession of the barons of Leisser, in whose cellar, among other things, stored a barrel of Luther's wine. The cellar was expanded as a central storage room for all Esterházy wines.
From this time comes the story of Luther wine. In 1687, Prince Paul I Esterházy (1786-1866) carved the following inscription in a wooden barrel (shortened): The wine of this barrel was read in the mountains of Donnerskirchen in 1526. He belonged to the Gruber family; the subsequent Laizer family had him in 1575 fill in a new barrel. In 1653, the wine was brought here to Forchtenstein Castle and finally, in 1687, on the orders of the Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary, Paul Esterházy was filled into this third barrel.
When wine was taken on festive occasions, the same amount was replenished with boiled pebbles to make one oxidation to avoid. The last drop of legendary wine was tasted in 1852, that is after 326 years, at Forchtenstein Castle. The value was then calculated with 1,447,176 guilders for a half (0.906 liters), which today would be equivalent to 2.2 to 2.9 million euros. The tradition of the "Luther Wine" continues in Leisserhof, which is owned by the Burgenland Wine Forum. There is a restaurant in historic rooms, an extensive wine cellar (Weindom) with wines from Burgenland's top winegrowers and the Gutskeller with a wine museum.
Since the year 1957 in the Lutherweingruft Trockenbeerenauslese, which are pressed according to the historical model. The composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), the almost 30 years Hofmusik-Kapellmeister of Prince Nikolaus I. Josef Esterházy (1714-1790) was in Eisenstadt, was partly rewarded with wine from the Gutskeller and was thus inspired to his music. This is reminiscent of the Haydn barrel. Luther's wine is one of the still edible, oldest wines of the world. See also other special features below Records,