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Designation for a special wine from the wine community Donnerskirchen im Burgenland (Austria). It dates from 1526, making it one of the oldest mentions of one Trockenbeerenauslese, The term "Lutherwein" is due to the fact that the Donnerskirchner citizens stubbornly to the religion of the reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546) and could be brought back to the Catholic faith only under great pressure. The princely family Esterházy acquired in 1653 the possession of the barons of Leisser, in whose cellar, among other things, stored a barrel of Luther's wine. This was expanded as a central storage room of all Esterhazy estate and toe wines. The Lutherweinfass but was brought to the castle of Forchtenstein and stored in the basement, which is used today for various events.

In 1687, Prince Paul I Esterházy (1635-1713) carved the following inscription in Latin in the barrel (shortened): The wine of this barrel was read in the mountains of Donnerskirchen in 1526. He belonged to the Rueber family; the subsequent Laizer family had him put into a new barrel in 1585. In 1653, the wine was brought here to Forchtenstein Castle and finally, in 1687, on the orders of the Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and Palatine of the Kingdom of Hungary, Paul Esterházy was filled into this third barrel.

But this text contains some mistakes or inconsistencies. For example, the year of reading 1526 is not certain beyond doubt and the family Gruber (not Rueber) bought the barrel not in 1585, but only in 1612. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that the wine must have been ancient and must have come from Donnerskirchen. If wine was taken on festive occasions, the same amount was replenished with boiled pebbles to make one oxidation to avoid. The last drop of legendary wine was tasted in 1852, that is after 326 years, at Forchtenstein Castle. The value was then calculated with 1,447,176 guilders for a half (0.906 liters), which today would be equivalent to 2.2 to 2.9 million euros.

The tradition of the "Luther Wine" continues in the Leisserhof. The former manor houses since 1989 two restaurants. an extensive wine shop (wine dome) with wines of Burgenland top winegrowers and the Gutskeller with a wine museum. Since the year 1957 the Trockenbeerenauslese have been resting in the cellar, which are pressed according to the historical model. The composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), the almost 30 years Hofmusik-Kapellmeister of Prince Nikolaus I. Josef Esterházy (1714-1790) was in Eisenstadt, was partly rewarded with wine from the Gutskeller and was thus inspired to his music. This is reminiscent of the Haydn barrel. Lutherwein is one of the still edible, oldest wines of the world. See also other superlatives below Records,

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