The wine history of this country is linked to that of the Moselle; this river forms the border over a length of 36 kilometers Germany, East of the other shore lies the German wine-growing area Moselle, Throughout the area, the Romans led as early as the 1st century BC. Chr. The viticulture a. In the Middle Ages, the founding of many monasteries brought about an upswing in viticulture. Due to an extremely cold winter in 1709, the vineyards were almost completely destroyed. After a resolution at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had to cede all vineyards on the other side of the river. From the year 1880 there was a big boom by a customs agreement. The kind Elbling (at that time 90% share) of pressed Luxembourgish wines were mostly exported as base wine for sparkling wine or as blended wine to Germany. But this had an end after the First World War.
In 2012, the vineyard area was over 1,000 hectares, of which 85,000 hectoliters of wine were produced. Climatically, the vineyards are located on the northern edge of European viticulture. The vineyards are divided into around one hundred layers, ranging in width from 300 to 400 meters over 40 kilometers along the banks of the Moselle, from Schengen to Wasserbillig. They are located in the eastern Cantons Remich (with the main communities Remich, Schengen and Wintrange) on alluvial soils and Grevenmacher prevailing here limestone soils. The limestone soils are especially suitable for the Burgundy varieties. The cold temperatures cause longer maturation times and fluctuating yields. The high yield limits are 140 hl / ha for Rivaner and Elbling, and 120 hl / ha for the other varieties. The acid-stressed Elbling is mainly processed into sparkling wines or crémants. The Blend 2010:
Synonyms or name in Luxembourg
|Gewurztraminer / Traminer||White||-||20|
There is the comprehensive appellation designation "Moselle Luxembourgeoise" and sparkling wines produced by the champagne method " Crémant de Luxembourg ". In 1935, the "Marque Nationale des Vins Luxembourgeois" was introduced. The words "Marque Nationale - Appellation Contrôlée" guarantee state control of ancestry and quality based on one analytical and sensory examination after a 20-point system at least 12 points. With 14 points a wine reaches the category "Vin classé", with 16 points "Premier Cru" and with 18 points "Grand Premier Cru". The criteria introduced in 2001 for "Vendange Tardive" ( late vintage ), "Vin de Glace" ( Eiswein ) and "Vin de Paille" ( Strohwein ) are based on Oechslegraden. The "Vins Barrique" are mostly wines from Chardonnay. Mainly unmixed Wheat wines produced, the grape variety is next to community and often also location on label noted.
In just 20 years, the number of producers has dropped from 1,200 to under 500, as many micro commodities have sold their land. "Les Domaines de Vinsmoselle" is a merger of six Winzergenossenschaften with 450 grape suppliers. In 1966 the "Organization Professionnelle des Vignerons Indépendants (OPVI)" was founded with around 50 independent winegrowers. With the 2007 vintage, the "Charter" was founded by seven winemakers from this circle. These commit themselves to unadulterated wine production with strict rules such as waiver enrich and organic fertilization, such as yield restriction with a maximum of 60 hl / ha.
In the "Fédération des Producteurs Négociants "Wineries and dealers are organized. Well-known producers include Mathis Bastian, Claude Bentz, René Bentz, Bernard-Massard, Caves Gales, Alice Hartmann, Jean Ley-Schartz, Caves St-Remy-Desom, Clos des Rochers, Clos Mon Vieux Moulin, Château de Schengen, Aly Duhr et Fils, Pundel-Hoffeld, Pundel-Sibenaler, Henri Ruppert, Krier Freres, Paul Legill, Jean Schlink-Hoffeld, Schmit-Fohl, Schram & Fils, Schumacher-Knepper, Schumacher - Lethal & Fils, Steinmetz-Jungers, Stronck-Pinnel, Sunnen-Hoffmann and Thill.