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22.498 Keywords • 49.839 Synonyms • 5.294 Translations • 7.928 Pronunciations • 145.085 Cross-references

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Macedonia

Ancient Macedonia (Macedonia, Makedonia) on the northwest edge of the Aegean was a kingdom in northern Greece and rose to great power under King Philip II (359-336 BC). This dominated almost the entire Balkan Peninsula. His son Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) served Macedonia only as a basis for his military campaigns. The Macedonian kings were known for their drinking and Alexander was allegedly killed during a drinking spree. In 167 BC, the empire collapsed and came under Roman rule. In the division of the Roman Empire in 395 the province was defeated to the Byzantine Empire. After varied history, the area was between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria in 1913 and 1947 between Greece and Yugoslavia divided up.

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