Ancient Macedonia (Macedonia, Macedonia) on the northwestern edge of the Aegean was a kingdom in northern Greece and rose under King Philip II (359-336 BC) to great power. This dominated almost the entire Balkan Peninsula. Macedonia only served his son Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) as the basis for his campaigns. The Macedonian kings were known for their drinking strength and Alexander was allegedly killed during a drinking spree. In 167 BC the empire collapsed and came under Roman rule. With the division of the Roman Empire in 395 the province was defeated to the Byzantine Empire. After an eventful history, the area between Greece, Serbia and Bulgaria in 1913 and between 1947 Greece and Yugoslavia divided up.
With 34,000 square kilometers, the largest Greek region of Macedonia with the three-fingered peninsula of Chalkidike (with the famous monk mountain Ágion Óros on Athos ) and the capital city of Thessaloniki is excellently suited for viticulture. The climate differs fundamentally from the other Greek wine-growing regions. The main red wine varieties are Xinomavro (Main variety of the region), Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Syrah, the most important types of white wine Roditis. Assyrtiko. Malagousia. Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc, There are four as POP classified appellations, that is Amynteo. Cotes de Meliton. Goumenissa and Naoussa, In Macedonia there are three major producers Boutari. Carras and Tsantali Vineyards or wineries.
The former Yugoslav province of Makedonija became independent in 1991 and named itself the Republika Makedonija (German Macedonia). Greece claims the sole right to use names. Due to the name dispute, the state was also referred to as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM for short; English Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, FYROM for short). The longstanding disputes between the two countries over the name were finally ended peacefully. On February 12, 2019, the official name was changed to Northern Macedonia,