Historical landscape and former county in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, whose name is derived from the city of Mâcon. It belongs to the wine-growing region Burgundy, Even the Roman poet Ausonius (310-395) mentioned the wines from this area. In the 11th and 12th centuries, the monks of the Cistercian Order to a large extent vines. The area became famous in 1660, when the winegrower Claude Brosse delivered wine to the royal palace in Versailles and there at a fair to the French "Sun King" Louis XIV (1638-1715) stood out for its unusual size. The king spoke to him, tasted his wine after the mass and was so enthusiastic that the royal court was regularly supplied with it. A small but essential part of the landscape for viticulture is called Haut-Mâconnais. This part roughly corresponds to the borders of the former canton of Lugny with the main town of Lugny.
The residents of the area mainly live from viticulture - either directly or indirectly. The various appellations cover a total of almost 7,000 hectares of vines along the Sâone River in a 50 km long and 15 km wide strip and lie between the two areas Cote Chalonnaise in the north and Beaujolais in the south. This makes Mâconnais the largest area in Burgundy with around a quarter of the total area. There is also a parish of Chardonnay here, which was previously assumed to be the "birthplace" of the variety of the same name. However, the place was probably named after the vine and not vice versa.
The three types of soil are clay-lime soils with limestone rubble, soils containing clay and silicic acid on granite and volcanic substrates as well as silty soils. It is moderately oceanic climate with a continental tendency. Around 85% of white wines are mainly made from Chardonnay with shares of Aligoté and Pinot Blanc produced. The 15% red and rosé wines are made Pinot Noir and Gamay vinified.
The regional AOC Mâcon covers around 1,900 hectares of vineyards and applies to red, rosé and white wine. The wines from special locations or 27 municipalities may add the municipality name to Mâcon, whereby special production conditions with lower maximum yields apply. For all wines, this is Azé, Bray, Burgy, Bussières, Chaintré, Chardonnay, Charnay-lès-Mâcon, Cruzille, Davayé, Igé, Lugny, Mancey, Milly-Lamartine, Péronne, Pierreclos, Prissé, La Roche Vineuse, Saint-Gengoux -le-National and Verzé. This is Serrières only for red and rosé wine. Only for white wine are Fuissé, Loché, Montbellet, Solutré-Pouilly, Uchizy, Vergisson and Vinzelles. The AOC Mâcon-Villages covers 1,400 hectares of vineyards in 80 municipalities and only applies to white wines.
Five communities are considered Crus Classés independent AOC, that is Pouilly-Fuissé, Pouilly-Loché, Pouilly-Vinzelles, Saint-Véran and Viré-Clessé, See also under Bourgogne and Burgundy classification,