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Macvin du Jura

The appellation (actually Macvin without "r") in the French wine region law applies to a sweet Vin de liqueur, It was classified as exactly four hundredth appellation in 1991 (before the classification it was called Maquevin or Marc-Vin). Such wines have been produced in France since the 14th century. The unconventional recipe becomes the abbess of the monastery Château-Chalon attributed. Originally it was a boiled wine, to which flavorings and spices were added. At that time it was called "Galant" and was supposedly the one favorite wine many nobles such as Margaret of France, the Duchess of Burgundy and wife of Philip the Bold (1363-1404). Later one was made by cooking concentrated grape must produced, which was mixed with pomace brandy (mistletoe).

Vineyard near Arbois in the Jura

There are versions in white from the varieties Chardonnay. Poulsard Blanc and Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ), as well as rose and red from the varieties Poulsard Noir. Trousseau Noir and Pinot Noir, Cuvées, but also single-varietal wines are produced from it. The fermentation of the must is matured in oak barrels after at least 18 months Marc (Pomace brandy) stopped very early, which was a high residual sugar and alcohol content up to 20% vol. The Macvin must then mature in oak barrels for at least one year and must not go on sale before October 1 of the following year after the harvest. The best-known producers include Domaine Baud, Château de l'Etoile, Bernard Frères, Henri Maire and Domaine Désiré Petit.

Image: By Guido Radig - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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