The appellation (actually Macvin without "r") in the French wine-growing region law
is for a sweet Vin de liqueur
, It was classified in 1991 as the exact four hundredth appellation (before the classification, he was called Maquevin or Marc-Vin). Such wines have been produced in France since the 14th century. The idiosyncratic recipe becomes the abbess of the monastery Château-Chalon
attributed. Originally, it was a cooked wine with added flavor and spices. At that time he was called "Galant" and was allegedly the favorite wine
many noblemen such as Margaret of France, the Duchess of Burgundy and wife of Philip the Bold (1363-1404). Later, one became by cooking concentrated grape must
produced with pomace brandy (mistletoe).
There are versions in white from the varieties Chardonnay
. Poulsard Blanc
and Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer
), as well as rosé and red from the varieties Poulsard Noir, Trousseau Noir
and Pinot Noir
, From this cuvées, but also varietal wines are produced. The fermentation of the must is matured after only a short time with at least 18 months in oak barrels Marc
(Pomace brandy) stopped very early, giving a high residual sugar
and alcohol content
to 20% vol. The Macvin must then mature for at least a year in oak barrels and must not be on the market before October 1 of the following year after the harvest. Among the most famous producers are Domaine Baud, Château de l'Etoile, Bernard Frères, Henri Maire and Domaine Désiré Petit.