On the fourth largest island in the world (587,000 km²) off the coast of Africa, Jesuit missionaries founded viticulture at the beginning of the 19th century. The botanist André Michaux
(1746-1802) planted the variety in 1802 Isabella
at. In 1886, American cultivation trials were carried out in the southern highlands and other parts of the country. From 1896 to 1960 Madagascar was a French colony. From the 1920s, there were significant production quantities. In 1958 was by the Cistercian
founded the monastery Maromby near Fianarantsoa, which is still dedicated to viticulture today. Since independence, wine production has been mainly carried out by Chilean immigrants. At the beginning of the 1960s, members of the Betsileo tribe were motivated, at the initiative of Swiss settlers, to use their experience of growing rice on high terraces for viticulture.
The vineyards are located on the highlands of Fianarantsoa south of the capital Antananarivo, as well as Ambaolavo at an altitude between 750 and 1,350 meters above sea level at the geographical altitude of Zimbabwe
, There is a temperate, warm climate, with not too pronounced dry and rainy seasons. In 2012, the vineyard covered 3,000 hectares with a Wine production quantity
of 84,000 hectoliters. The vineyards are predominantly with hybrids
planted. These are the white Couderc Blanc ( Couderc 13
) Seyval blanc
and Villard Blanc
, as well as the red ones Chambourcin
. Petit Bouschet
and Villard Noir
, Increasingly, however, Vitis vinifera varieties are used. The vintage takes place here at the end of the tropical rainy season at the end of February. Specialties in Madagascar are brightly pressed Vin gris
), as well as with coconut, pineapple or oranges flavoredAperitif wines
, Up to two hectares of land are cultivated by around 700 winegrowers. Well-known producers are Chan Fao Tong, Clos Nomena (mainly Vitis vinifera varieties), Domaine Lovasoa, Domaine Mendrika, Lazan'i Betsileo, Monastère de Maromby (historic Cistercian monastery), Soa Vita and Sociéte Mac et frères.