At the beginning of the 20th century there was a big sales crisis for the Madeira
, a consequence of the introduced in the 1850s phylloxera
and the real occurring in the 1870s mildew
was. For this reason, in 1913, Welsh & Cunha and Henriques & Camara and subsequently other trading companies joined the "Madeira Wine Association" on the Portuguese island in order to achieve synergy effects by bundling production costs. The individual Madeira companies or brands remained largely independent. The two Madeira houses Blandy's and Leacock's merged in 1925 and became major owners, with John Ernest Blandy as chairman and Thomas L. Mullins as managing director. As a result, other companies were added, including the large company Cossart Gordon
in 1953. There was a regrouping under the name "Madeira Wine Company" in 1981.
In 1988 went Blandy
a partnership with the Portweinhaus Symington
to use their know-how in quality-oriented production and the worldwide sales network. These two companies are now main owners. The main winery in Funchal, which was newly renovated in 2000, produces the 120 different brands of the 26 Madeira houses. The artificial warming during maturation takes place in giant tanks. The wines are stored together, but keep their own style of each house. The most famous brands are Barros, Blandy
. Cossart Gordon
, Funchal Wine Company, Krohn Brothers, Leacock's, Luiz Gomes da Conceicao, Miles and Shortridge Lawton. Vintage wines are marketed back to the early 19th century. The Madeira production share of all brands is about 60%.