The appellation for red wine is located in the southwest of the winegrowing region Southwest France adjacent to the brandy area Armagnac, Madiran is one of the oldest wine regions France, It was already in 1948 under the AOC name Vic-Bilh then still classified together for red and white wines. Today, the white wines are under the AOC name Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh produced. For a long time, the red wine that was pressed here was considered the wine of the pilgrims, from the 11th century on the famous pilgrimage route "Camino de Santiago" (Way of Santiago = Apostle Jacob) to Santiago de Compostela in the Spanish Galicia pulled and strengthened with it. The vineyards cover approximately 1,400 hectares of vines on pebble interspersed soils of gravel and limestone. They cover the three departments Gers (3 municipalities), Hautes-Pyrénées (6 municipalities, including Madiran) and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (28 municipalities). There is an oceanic climate with hot summers, dry sunny autumns and relatively mild winters.
The main variety for the wine is the autochthonous vine Tannat allegedly from monks from the Bordeaux was brought. This provides a deep dark, tannin and extremely long-lived red wine with raspberry flavor. The Madiran is due to its high content cyanidin and resveratrol with their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties as the health conducive. In the 1970s, the reduced INAO the Tannat minimum share in favor Cabernet Sauvignon, Bouchy ( Cabernet Franc ) and Pinenc ( Fer ) to the strong astringent To soften taste. The prescribed minimum share is now 50%. But there are still producers, their Madiran unmixed made from 100% Tannat.
The mentioned Tannat reduction was rejected at that time by some winegrowers. Pioneer was the young winemaker Alain Brumont, who on his Château Montus four-fifths with Tannat bestockte and innovative innovations introduced. Many winemakers are following and experimenting with methods like the one invented here micro-oxygenation, Well-known producers are Castelnau-Rivière-Basse, Château d'Aydie Domaine Barréjat Domaine Barthoumieu Château Bouscassé Brumont Domaine Brana Domaine Capmartin Domaine du Crampilh Château de Crouseilles Clos Fardet Domaine Labranche-Laffont Château Laffitte-Teston Domaine Laffont Domaine de Lanestousse Chapelle Lenclos Château Montus (Brumont), Château de Peyros, Primo Palatum and Domaine Sergent.
The "Plaimont Producteurs" community supervises plots of old vineyards under the name "Conservatoire ampélographique", among others in the area of Madiran. See under the community Sarragachies (Gers department), where there is a very special vineyard.