The red wine appellation is located in the southwest of the wine-growing region Southwest France adjacent to the brandy area Armagnac, Madiran is one of the oldest wine regions France, Already in 1948 it was classified together under the AOC name Vic-Bilh for red and white wines. Today, the white wines are called AOC Pacherenc du Vic-Bilh produced. For a long time, the red wine pressed here was considered the wine of the pilgrims who, from the 11th century, followed the famous pilgrimage route "Camino de Santiago" (Way of Santiago = Apostle Jakob) to Santiago de Compostela in Spain Galicia moved and strengthened themselves. The vineyards cover around 1,400 hectares of vines on gravel and limestone soils interspersed with pebbles. They extend over the three departments Gers (3 municipalities), Hautes-Pyrénées (6 municipalities, including Madiran) and Pyrénées-Atlantiques (28 municipalities). There is an oceanic climate with hot summers, dry sunny autumns and relatively mild winters.
The main variety for wine is autochthonous vine Tannat, allegedly by monks from the Bordeaux was brought along. This produces a deep dark, tannin and extremely long-lived red wine with raspberry aroma. The madiran is considered due to its high content cyanidin and resveratrol with their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties than that health conducive. In the 1970s, the INAO the minimum tannate percentage in favor Cabernet Sauvignon, Bouchy ( Cabernet Franc ) and Pinenc ( Fer ) to the strong astringent To soften taste. The prescribed minimum share is now 50%. But there are still producers who have their Madiran unmixed made from 100% tannate.
The mentioned tannate reduction was then rejected by some winegrowers. The pioneer was the young winemaker Alain Brumont, who was on his Château Montus four fifths tannated and innovative innovations introduced. Many vintners have followed and are experimenting with methods like the one invented here micro-oxygenation, Well-known producers are Castelnau-Rivière-Basse, Château d'Aydie, Domaine Barréjat, Domaine Barthoumieu, Château Bouscassé (Brumont), Domaine Brana, Domaine Capmartin, Domaine du Crampilh, Château de Crouseilles, Clos Fardet, Domaine Labranche-Laffont, Château Laffitte-Teston, Domaine Laffont, Domaine de Lanosousse, Chapelle Len Château Montus (Brumont), Château de Peyros, Primo Palatum and Domaine Sergent.
The “Plaimont Producteurs” community monitors parcels with old vines under the name “Conservatoire ampélographique” - including in the Madiran area. See under the community Sarragachies (Gers department), where there is a very special vineyard.