The traditional institute (also Magarach) was founded by Count Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov (1782-1856) already in 1828 on the peninsula Crimea near Yalta in the Ukraine founded. At that time specialized in the imitation of classic wine styles. In the former USSR, it became the most important viticulture institute. Focal points are new varieties and new vinification techniques such as the Pass fermentation for which numerous patents have been filed. In the cellars of the institute store around 20,000 wines from vintages back to the year 1850 (see also under Massandra ).
In the experimental vineyards with over 2,000 hectares, about 3,000 varieties cultured. Thus, this plant is next to the Domaine de Vassal Montpellier to the largest Rebherbarien of the world. Here was a new grape variety generation with resistance developed against pests and diseases. Known new breeds are Antey Magarachsky. Avrora Magaracha. Bastardo Magarachsky. Citronny Magaracha. Pervenets Magaracha. Podarok Magaracha. Riesling Magaracha. Rkatsiteli Magaracha and Rubinovy Magaracha,
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)