The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Magdeleine, Madeleina, Magdala and Raisin de la Madeleine. It was already mentioned in 1847 under the name Madeleine by the French ampelographer P. Raguenaud. The vine was considered already extinct, as in 2004 in an abandoned vineyard in the western French town of Saint-Suliac on an hill called Mont Garrot near the monastery an unknown vine was found. In the episode were in the department Charente discovered four more vines, which were referred to here as Madeleine. As viticulture in Brittany was abandoned more than 200 years ago, these are very old vines. By in 2008 by Dr. med. Jean-Michel Boursiquot and dr. Carole Meredith conducted DNA analysis in Montpellier and University of California (Davis) was found to be an unknown Vitis vinifera is.
Due to its early maturity, the variety was in the Charentes Madeleine called (especially in France common name for vines with this property). In order to avoid confusion with the numerous grape similar name, 2008 was awarded for the vine the name Magdeleine Noire des Charentes. Finally, in 2009, Dr. med. Jean-Michel Boursiquot performed DNA analyzes that found Merlot from a cross Magdeleine Noire des Charentes x Cabernet Franc originated. Magdeleine Noire des Charentes is also still the mother places from Cot (Malbec), as well as the more unknown two varieties Mourtès and Guignard de Saintours, No stocks were reported in 2010 (Kym Anderson ).