The Carthaginian is considered the "oldest wine author in the world". Little is known about his life dates and his life, probably he lived in the second century before Christ. He wrote the 28-volume work "De re rustica" (of rural affairs) in Punic language about agriculture, including viticulture. He described in it the knowledge of Phoenicians dating back to the 9th century BC Chr. Carthage founded and established the viticulture here. Little is known about the life of Mago. In his day, there were flourishing vineyards around Carthage, but viticulture was of no great importance. Visually Mago wrote his findings based on his own observations, because he is specifically on the North African conditions. He recommends planting the vines on northern slopes, describes some grape varieties and suggests the union of smaller wineries.
As Carthage 146 BC In the third Punic War, the Romans Magos rescued works from the library. They were made on the basis of an express Senate resolution in 126 BC. In Latin and 88 v. Chr. Also translated into Greek by Cassius Dionysius. From this it can be concluded that the Romans attached great importance to the work and probably wanted to use it as a basis for a Roman colonization and agricultural cultivation of North Africa. Both the original and both translations were later lost completely. The writings Magos have partly survived because large passages were quoted by other authors. These were above all the Romans Varro (116-27 BC) and Columella (1st century). The second named Mago the "father of rural concerns". Mago's recommendations strongly influenced Roman viticulture. Some contents from his works are also in the famous agricultural collection Geoponika from the 10th century included. See topic group also under Ancient wines. Antique grape varieties and drinking culture,