The capital of the German state Rheinland-Pfalz covers almost 100 square kilometers and has 215,000 inhabitants. It lies opposite the mouth of the Mains at the Rhine, The viniculture has an ancient tradition in the city and dates back to Roman times when they planted vines in Mogontiacum. The oldest document on viticulture in Mainz reports a donation in 754. From the Middle Ages viticulture and wine trade to an important economic factor and were even one of the main sources of income until well into the 19th century. There were always large vineyards within the city limits, the former record was around 450 hectares. Today there are still over 200 hectares of vineyards in the southern districts of Ebersheim, Hechtsheim and Laubenheim, all belonging to the Nierstein area in the growing region Rheinhessen counting.
Mainz is home to the Johannes Gutenberg University as well as several television and radio stations such as the Südwestrundfunk (SWR) and the Second German Television (ZDF). Mainz is also famous as a stronghold of the Rhenish carnival. The headquarters of the wine and beverage forwarder is located in the Hechtsheim district Hillebrand, Mainz is also the seat of the German Wine Academy in the House of German Wine as well as the association of German-speaking wine journalists wine spring, Its importance as a wine town is due to its membership in the worldwide wine town network since 2008 Great Wine Capitals Global Network underlined. A rustic "national dish" in Mainz means " Weck, Worscht un Woi “(Wake = wake / roll, sausage and wine). A popular one here Schopp glass is called Mainz rod,