The capital of the German state Rheinland-Pfalz covers almost 100 square kilometers and has 215,000 inhabitants. It lies opposite the mouth of the Mains at the Rhine, The viniculture It has an ancient tradition in the city, dating back to Roman times when they planted vines in Mogontiacum. The oldest document about viticulture in Mainz reports about a donation in the year 754. From the Middle Ages developed viticulture and wine trade to an important economic factor and even into the 19th Century into even the main sources of income. Within the city limits, there were always large vineyards, the former record was about 450 hectares. Today, there are still more than 200 hectares of vineyards in the southern districts Ebersheim, Hechtsheim and Laubenheim, all to the area Nierstein in the growing area Rheinhessen counting.
Mainz is the seat of the Johannes Gutenberg University as well as several television and radio stations such as the Südwestrundfunk (SWR) and the Second German Television (ZDF). Mainz is also famous as the stronghold of the Rhineland carnival. In the district of Hechtsheim is the headquarters of the company Hillebrand, the world's largest wine and beverage carrier. Mainz is also the seat of the winegrowing institutions DWF (German Wine Fund), DWI (German Wine Institute) and the German Wine Academy (all in House of German Wine ) as well as the association of German-speaking wine journalists wine spring, The importance as a wine city is due to the existing since 2008 membership in the worldwide wine town network Great Wine Capitals Global Network underlined. A rustic "national dish" in Mainz means " Weck, Worscht and Woi "(Wake = Wake / bread, sausage and wine). A favorite here Schopp glass is called Mainzer pole,