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22.793 Keywords • 48.341 Synonyms • 5.299 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.949 Cross-references

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Maipo

The wine growing area Valle de Maipo (Maipo Valley) is located around the capital Santiago in Chile, Together with the three areas Rapel, Curicó and Maule it forms the northern region of this huge region Valle Central (Central Valley). Here began the Chilean wine history, as around 1555 the Spaniard Juan Jufré de Loayza (1516-1578) planted from his home brought vines. The area is considered to be the best and from here come the most famous export wines of the country from the mid-19th century in large scale introduced French varieties. It lies between the Andes and the coastal Cordilleras and is crossed by the water-rich rivers Maipo and Mapocho. The area becomes dependent on climate. soil quality and altitude in the three sub-areas Maipo Alto (at the foot of the Andes), the sunniest Central Maipo (the broad valley bottom) and Pacific Maipo (on the coastal Cordilleras near the Pacific) divided.

The climate is characterized by warm, dry summers with cool nights and strong temperature fluctuations between day and night as well as short, mild winters with few rainfalls. It is particularly suitable for red wines. The vineyards cover about 10,000 hectares of vineyards on mineral-rich, sandy-loamy soils with good permeability. An artificial one irrigation This is done traditionally via channels from the Andean snowmelt with a low proportion of drip irrigation. 80% of the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Carmenère. Syrah. Cabernet Franc and Malbec ( Cot ), as well as 20% of the white wine varieties Sauvignon Blanc. Chardonnay and Sémillon grown. Well-known producers are Almaviva, Anti-anal, Canepa. Carmen. Concha y Toro, Córpora, Cousiño Macul, Haras de Pirque ( Antinori ), De Martino, Pargua, San Pedro. Santa Inés. Santa Rita. Tarapacá. Undurraga and Viñedos Emiliana.

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