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23.057 Keywords • 48.243 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.363 Pronunciations • 155.153 Cross-references

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Maipo

The wine growing area Valle de Maipo (Maipo Valley) is located around the capital Santiago in Chile, Together with the three areas of Rapel, Curicó and Maule As the northernmost area, it forms the huge region Valle Central (Central Valley). This is where the Chilean wine-growing history began when around 1555 the Spaniard Juan Jufré de Loayza (1516-1578) planted vines brought from his home. The area is considered to be the best and from here also the best-known export wines in the country come from the French varieties that were introduced on a large scale from the middle of the 19th century. It lies between the Andes and the coastal Cordillera and is crossed by the water-rich rivers Maipo and Mapocho. The area becomes dependent on climate. soil quality and altitude are divided into the three sub-areas Maipo Alto (at the foot of the Andes), the sunniest Central Maipo (the broad valley floor) and Pacific Maipo (on the coastal cordillera near the Pacific).

The climate is characterized by warm, dry summers with cool nights and strong temperature fluctuations between day and night and short, mild winters with few rains. It is particularly suitable for red wines. The vineyards cover around 10,000 hectares of vines on mineral-rich, sandy-loamy soils with good permeability. An artificial one irrigation traditionally takes place traditionally via channels from the Andean snow melt with a low proportion of drip irrigation. The red wine varieties are 80% Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Carmenère. Syrah. Cabernet Franc and Malbec ( Cot ), as well as 20% white wine varieties Sauvignon Blanc. Chardonnay and Sémillon grown. Well-known producers are Almaviva Anti yal Canepa. Carmen. Concha y Toro, Corpora, cousiño macul, haras de pirque ( Antinori ), De Martino, Pargua, San Pedro. Santa Inés. Santa Rita. Tarapacá. Undurraga and Viñedos Emiliana.

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