The southeastern European island state is located about 90 kilometers south of Sicily, the coast Africa is 290 kilometers away. Malta has been a member of the European Union since 2004 and is divided into the three inhabited islands of Malta (246 km²), Gozo (67 km²) and Comino (3 km²), as well as the uninhabited islands Cominotto, Filfla and St. Paul's Islands. The Phoenicians Settled the island around 800 BC and introduced viticulture. This was continued by the Romans from 200 BC, when they occupied the island. The Knights of the Knights of St. John (the later Knights of Malta) produced predominantly during their reign from the 16th to the 18th century altar wine,
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot, dry summers and cool and rainy winters. There are no rivers, Malta is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is an artificial one irrigation necessary with rainwater and groundwater wells. In 2012, the vineyard covered 2,000 hectares on clay, sand, clay and limestone soils. The Wine production quantity was 22,000 hl. From the end of the 1970s, international varieties were planted with French and Italian support. It will be the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Merlot. Petit Verdot, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ), Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) and Syrah, as well as the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Chenin Blanc. Pinot gris. Trebbiano and Muscat Blanc cultured. Before the phylloxera there were 120 autochthonous Sorts. Of importance today are only more Girgentina and Gennarua (white) and Gellewza (red). The production of table grapes plays an important role.
In 2007, according to the Italian model, the DOK (Denominazzjoni ta 'Oriġini Kontrollata) system of origin was introduced with the areas of Malta and Gozo, each with the upper level Superior. The analytical and sensory Quality checks are carried out by the accredited Italian Enoteca di Siena. The grapes for the IGT wines = Land wines (Indikazzjoni Geografika Tipika) can come from all islands. There are also grapes, grape and wine imported from Italy and processed with local wines. Well-known producers are Camilleri Wines, Delicata, Marsovin, Meridiana (from Antinori supported), Monte Kristo and Ta Betta.