The south-east European island state is around 90 kilometers south of Sicily, the coast Africa is 290 kilometers away. Malta has been an EU member since 2004 and is divided into the three inhabited islands of Malta (246 km²), Gozo (67 km²) and Comino (3 km²) as well as the uninhabited islands of Cominotto, Filfla and St. Paul's Islands. The Phoenicians settled the island around 800 BC and introduced viticulture. This was continued by the Romans from 200 BC when they occupied the island. The Knights of the Order of St. John (the later Maltese Knights) mainly produced during their reign from the 16th to the 18th century altar wine,
The Mediterranean climate is characterized by hot, dry summers and cool and rainy winters. There are no rivers, Malta is one of the poorest countries in the world. It is an artificial one irrigation with rainwater and groundwater well necessary. In 2012, the vineyard area covered 2,000 hectares on clay, sand, clay and limestone soils. The Wine production quantity was 22,000 hl. From the end of the 1970s, international varieties were planted with French and Italian support. It will be the red wine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc. Merlot. Petit Verdot, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ), Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ) and Syrah, as well as the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Chenin Blanc. Pinot gris. Trebbiano and Muscat Blanc cultured. Before the phylloxera there were 120 autochthonous Sorts. Only more are important today Girgentina and Gennarua (white) and Gellewza (red). The production of table grapes plays an important role.
In 2007, the DOK system of origin (Denominazzjoni ta 'Oriġini Kontrollata) was introduced based on the Italian model, with the areas of Malta and Gozo, each with the superior level. The analytical and sensory Quality checks are carried out by the accredited Italian Enoteca di Siena. The grapes for the IGT wines = country wines (Indicazzjoni Geografika Tipika) can come from all islands. There are also grapes grape and wine imported from Italy and processed with local wines. Well-known producers are Camilleri Wines, Delicata, Marsovin, Meridiana (from Antinori supports), Monte Kristo and Ta Betta.