Especially in Italy. Spain and Portugal common name or synonym and homonym for many different grape varieties. They are available with the berry colors white, light green, gray, rose, red, blue and black and also with different flavors, for example with and without nutmeg, In summary, the grape varieties with “Malvasia” in their name have a genetically diverse background and show an equally heterogeneous one morphology (external appearance). That means there are no special Malvasia-specific features. The name Malvasia refers to a type of wine and not a family of grape varieties, which is often incorrectly referred to (the same phenomenon also applies to the four name groups Lambrusco. muscatel. Trebbiano and Vernaccia ). The Malvasia varieties are often genetically completely different vines.
The name Malvasia is probably an indication of the port Monemvasia in the southeast Peloponnese, which was a transshipment point for Dessert wines was from the Mediterranean. It was an important production facility Crete, The merchants from the then naval power Venice imported documentary evidence already in 1278 "Vinum de Malvasias". These were so important at the time that the Venetian wine shops were even called "Malvasia". However, these wines were made from various Greek grape varieties, which were often blended together. It is unknown which they were, but they are among the candidates Aïdani Aspro. Aïdani Mavro. Assyrtiko. Athiri Aspro. Athiri Mavro. Kydonitsa. Liatiko. Monemvasia. Thrapsathiri and vilana,
The name Malvasia finally became synonymous with excellent wines and also found its way into world literature. Shakespeare Falstaff pays tribute to Malvasia and Thomas Mann has a bouteille Malvasier brought out of the cellar in "Buddenbrooks". Which varieties the authors meant was probably not even clear to these two. The name Malvasia has been modified or verbalized in different languages. In English Malmsey from it and also denotes a wine type of the Madeira, In France malvoisie, in Croatia Malvazija and in German-speaking countries malmsey used. There are also the spellings Malvagia, Malvasie, Malvasijie, Malvasika and Malvasiya. "Malvasia" is often only briefly mentioned in numerous sources and publications, which often makes identification difficult.
There are at least 25 different varieties with "Malvasia" in the main name, as well as countless in synonyms. These varieties are named differently in the individual countries and regions. It is not surprising that there is a lot of confusion here. The approximately 100 most important names with Malvasia in the name:
Further lists of grape variety names or synonyms can be found at malmsey (common in German-speaking countries) and malvoisie (common in France).
In Italy there are also a number of DOC wines with Malvasia in the name, but for which Malvasia varieties are not used exclusively. These are:
Grape varieties: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service