The white grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Malvasia Bianca, Malvasia Candia, Malvasia di Candia and Malvasia Rossa. It is one of the numerous mostly unrelated varieties with part of the name Malvasia (look there). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Malvasia Bianca di Piemonte. Malvasia di Candia Aromatica (is not a tasty one mutation ) or Malvasia di Lipari (Malvasia Cândida) can be confused. Candia is an old name for the Greek island Crete, for one from there by some ampelographers assumed lineage, however, lacks genetic evidence. According to in 2008 DNA analysis it is probably the product of a natural cross between Garganega x unknown, possibly already extinct variety.
The medium to late ripening vine produces neutral-tasting, alcohol-rich white wines that are used for oxidation tend. The synonym Malvasia Rossa refers not to the berry color, but to the bud color. The variety is found in the regions Apulia. Emilia-Romagna. Calabria. Campania. Lazio. Liguria. Sardinia. Tuscany and Umbria grown. It is usually used as a blend with Malvasia and Trebbiano varieties used. It is approved in many DOC / DOCG wines. These are Barletta. Bianco Capena. Brindisi. Cannelino di Frascati. Castelli Romani. Cerveteri. Cilento. Circeo. Colli Albani. Colli della Sabina. Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa. Colli Lanuvini. Colli Martani. Colli Piacentini. Frascati. Genazzano. Lizzano. Marino. Melissa. Montecompatri-Colonna. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. Sannio. San Severo. Scavigna. Tarquinia. Terra d'Otranto. Velletri and Zagarolo,
The variety is still the most common Malvasia vine in Italy, but has experienced an extreme decline. In 2010, 9,231 hectares were designated. There are also smaller stocks in Brazil (100 ha) and California, The variety occupied a total of 9,891 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 42,654 hectares at the time, this is an extreme reduction of around 80%. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 71.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service