The white grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Paulos, Pavlos ( Greece ); Malvasia Bianca, Malvasia Bianca Siciliana, Malvasia Bianca Toscana, Malvasia Cannilunga di Novoli, Malvasia del Chianti , Malvasia di Arezzo, Malvasia di Brolio, Malvasia di San Nicandro, Malvasia Lunga, Malvasia Toscana, Malvasia Verace, Prosecco Nostrano , Racsecina duo Nostrano Monacu Bianca, Tundulillu ( Italy ); Krizol, Krizol Bijeli, Maraškin, Maraštin, Maraština , Maraština Bijela, Maraština Krupna, Maraština Mala, Mareština, Rukac, Rukatac, Rukatica, Višana ( Croatia ); Menuetta ( Slovenia ). It is one of the numerous mostly unrelated varieties with part of the name Malvasia (look there). It has been known in Tuscany for several centuries. In the first recipe by Bettino Ricasoli (1809-1880) from 1872, it became ready to eat more easily and quickly Chianti Suggested as an additive, but not recommended for wine that can be stored.
Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Glera (Sparkling wine), Malvasia Bianca di Piemonte. Malvasia de Lanzarote or Prosecco Lungo be confused. According to in 2007 DNA analysis it is genetically closely related to the varieties Malvasia di Lipari and Malvazija Istarska, The DNA profiles of the Croatian variety Marastina and the Greek variety Pavlos are identical. Probably a natural cross with Negroamaro is the variety Malvasia Nera di Brindisi, as well as the variety with Glera (Prosecco) Vitovska emerged.
The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews. Botrytis and bunch rot, It produces neutral, alcohol-rich white wines. The variety is grown in all provinces of Italy Tuscany grown; there are further areas in Apulia. Lazio. Brands and Umbria, It is there among other things in the DOC / DOCG wines Bianchello del Metauro. Bianco Capena. Bianco dell'Empolese. Cacc'e Mmitte di Lucera. Carmignano. Colli Altotiberini. Colli dell'Etruria Centrale. Colline Lucchesi. Gravina. Leverano. Orcia. Orvieto. San Gimignano. Sant'Antimo. San Torpe. Terra d'Otranto. Val d'Arbia. Valdinievole. Vignanello and Vin Santo del Chianti authorized.
In Italy The acreage amounts to 2,259 hectares with a strongly falling trend (ten years earlier there were 3,937 hectares). In Croatia it is mostly cultivated under the names Maraština or Rukatac in the Croatian coastal area and on the two islands Korčula and Lastovo and among other things for the dessert wine Prošek used. The Croatian acreage is 285 hectares. A total of 2,544 hectares were designated in 2010.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)