The white grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Grec Blanc, Malvoisie de Lipari ( France ); Balsamina Bianca, Greco Bianco di Gerace, Greco di Gerace, Malvagia, Malvasia delle Lipari, Malvasia di Cagliari, Malvasia di Sardegna, Malvasia di Ragusa, Morbidella, Uva Greca ( Italy ); Malvasia de la Palma, Malvasía de Tenerife, Malvasía Rosada ( Canary Islands ); Malvasija Dubrovačka, Malvazia Tvrda ( Croatia ); Malmsey, Malvasia Cândida ( Madeira ); Malvasia de Sitges ( Spain ).
It is one of the numerous mostly unrelated varieties with part of the name Malvasia (look there). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Greco. Greco Bianco. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Malvasia Bianca di Piemonte. Malvasia de Lanzarote or Trebbiano Toscano (Balsamina Bianca) can be confused. color mutations with reddish berries are Malvasía Rosada in the Canary Islands (Spain) and Malvasia Cândida Roxa (Portugal).
For a long time, many were considered to be independent varieties and their matching DNA profile was only achieved by several in 2006 and 2007 DNA analysis elucidated. There was also a close relationship with the varieties Malvasia Bianca Lunga (as Malvasia del Chianti), Malvasia Nera di Brindisi and Malvazija Istarska detected. It is probably a very old variety, the origin of which is still uncertain. Genetic and historical evidence is lacking for an often-voiced alleged introduction to Sicily by the Greeks in the 6th century BC, although there is some evidence to support this.
The late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew and endangered by late frost in spring. It usually produces powerful, slightly aromatic white wines with a moderate acidity. The loose- Grapes are ideal for drying and are therefore often used for the production of sweet wines ( Passito ) used. It is grown under the various names in the western Mediterranean and the Atlantic (Canary Islands, Madeira).
In Italy is she on Sicily in DOC wine Malvasia delle Lipari, in Calabria under Greco Bianco di Gerace in DOC wine Greco di Bianco as well as on Sardinia under Malvasia di Sardegna in the DOC wines Malvasia di Cagliari and Malvasia di Bosa authorized. In 2010, a total of 167 hectares were designated here. In Croatia it has been documentarily documented under Malvasija Dubrovačka since 1385. Here it occupies 24 hectares around Dubrovnik. In Portugal she is on under Malvasia Cândida Madeira and on the mainland in the fields Beiras. Lisboa. Tras-os-Montes and Tejo authorized. Here, however, it only occupies a total of 7 hectares and the mutation Malvasia Cândida Roxa 3 hectares. In Spain it is on the mainland under Malvasía de Sitges in Catalunya represented. There are further stocks on the Canary Islands under the nasms of Malvasía de Tenerife and Malvasía Rosada . The total Spanish area is 112 hectares. In 2010, a total of 310 hectares with a declining tendency were shown (ten years earlier it was 516 hectares).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY