The white grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Grec Blanc, Malvoisie de Lipari ( France ); Balsamina Bianca, Greco Bianco di Gerace, Greco di Gerace, Malvagia, Malvasia delle Lipari, Malvasia di Cagliari, Malvasia di Sardegna, Malvasia di Ragusa, Morbidella, Uva Greca ( Italy ); Malvasia de la Palma, Malvasia de Tenerife, Malvasia Rosada ( Canary Islands ); Malvasija Dubrovačka, Malvazia Tvrda ( Croatia ); Malmsey, Malvasia Candida ( Madeira ); Malvasia de Sitges ( Spain ).
It is one of the many mostly unrelated varieties with name part Malvasia (look there). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Greco. Greco Bianco. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Malvasia Bianca di Piemonte. Malvasía de Lanzarote or Trebbiano Toscano (Balsamina Bianca). color mutations with reddish berries are Malvasía Rosada in the Canary Islands (Spain) and Malvasia Cándida Roxa (Portugal).
Many have long been regarded as distinct species and their consistent DNA profile has only been achieved through several in 2006 and 2007 DNA analysis elucidated. It was also a close relationship with the varieties Malvasia Bianca Lunga (as Malvasia del Chianti), Malvasia Nera di Brindisi and Malvasia Istarska detected. It is probably a very old variety whose origin is still uncertain. For many Greeks say that there is a lack of genetic and historical evidence for an alleged introduction to Sicily by the Greeks in the 6th century BC, although some evidence suggests this.
The late-ripening vine is prone to real mildew and endangered by late frost in spring. It usually produces powerful, slightly aromatic white wines with a moderate acidity. The loose- Grapes are ideal for drying and are therefore often used for the production of sweet wines ( Passito ) used. It is grown under various names in the western Mediterranean and the Atlantic (Canary Islands, Madeira).
In Italy she is up Sicily in the DOC wine Malvasia delle Lipari, in Calabria under Greco Bianco di Gerace in the DOC wine Greco di Bianco as well as on Sardinia under Malvasia di Sardegna in the DOC wines Malvasia di Cagliari and Malvasia di Bosa authorized. In 2010, a total of 167 hectares were reported here. In Croatia she is documented documentary under Malvasija Dubrovačka already since 1385. Here she occupies 24 hectares around Dubrovnik. In Portugal she's under Malvasia Cândida Madeira and on the mainland in the areas Beiras. Lisboa. Tras-os-Montes and Tejo authorized. Here, however, occupies only a total of 7 hectares and the mutation Malvasia Cândida Roxa 3 hectares. In Spain she is on the mainland under Malvasía de Sitges in Catalunya represented. There are more stocks on the Canary Islands under the nasmas Malvasía de Tenerife and Malvasía Rosada . The total Spanish area is 112 hectares. Thus, in 2010, a total of 310 hectares was reported with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier there were still 516 hectares).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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