The red grape variety comes from Italy. The name derives from the characteristic violet aroma (mammole = violet) of the wine. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Broumest ( France ); Duraguzza, Mammola, Mammoli, Mammolo Asciutta, Mammolo Fiorentino, Mammolo di Montepulciano, Mammolone di Lucca, Mammolo Grosso, Mammolo Minuto, Mammolo Nero, Mammolo Normale, Mammolo Piccola Rosso Nero, Mammolo Piccolo, Mammolo Pratese, Mammolo Pratese, Mammolo Tates Mammolo Serrato, Mammolo Sgrigliolante, Mammolo Tondo, Mammolo Toscano ( Italy ); Muntanaccia, Muntanaccio, Muntanacciu, Malvasia Montanaccio, Schiorello, Schiuchitajolo, Sciaccarello, Sciaccarello Nero, Sciaccarellu ( Corsica ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Barbera or Perricone be confused. According to in 2010 DNA analysis (with 34 DNA markers) it is probably a natural cross between Boggione Rosso x Uva delle Vecchie, Direct descendants of the variety are Biancone di Portoferraio. Caloria. Colombana Nera and Pollera Nera,
The variety was created by the agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) for the first time in the late 16th century in the Tuscany mentioned, where he still wrote of red and white variants (the white is clearly extinct). The old age is proven by the many mentioned above in the synonyms Clones, All of these varieties occurring in Tuscany support the acceptance of the Tuscan origin, The variety probably came from here at the time of the rule of the Republic of Genoa (1284-1768) Corsica where it is known as Sciaccarello .
The medium to late ripening and vigorous vine is susceptible to Botrytis, It produces fruity, rather tannic and weakly colored red wines with moderate alcohol content and aromas of violets and coffee, In Tuscany it is often together with the variety Sangiovese approved in numerous DOCG / DOC wines. These are, among other things Carmignano. Chianti. Colli dell'Etruria Centrale. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. Morellino di Scansano. Parrina. Pomino. Rosso di Montepulciano and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, In Italy However, with 52 hectares it occupies only a relatively small area of vines. On the island Corsica it is grown under the name Sciaccarello on 790 hectares and is among other things in the appellation Ajaccio authorized. Small stocks are also said to be in Australia give. In 2010 a total of 842 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)