The red grape variety comes from Italy. The name derives from the characteristic violet aroma (mammole = violet) of the wine. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Broumest ( France ); Mammolo, Mammola, Mammolo, Mammolo Asciutta, Mammolo Fiorentino, Mammolo di Montepulciano, Mammolone di Lucca, Mammolo Grosso, Mammolo Minuto, Mammolo Nero, Mammolo Normale, Mammolo Piccola Rosso Nero, Mammolo Piccolo, Mammolo Pratese, Mammolo Rosso, Mammolo Rosso Tondo, Mammolo Serrato, Mammolo Sgrigliolante, Mammolo Tondo, Mammolo Toscano ( Italy ); Muntanaccia, Muntanaccio, Muntanacciu, Malvasia Montanaccio, Schiorello, Schiuchitajolo, Sciaccarello, Sciaccarello Nero, Sciaccarellu Corsica ).
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Barbera or Perricone be confused. According to the year 2010 DNA analysis (with 34 DNA markers) it is a presumably natural cross between Boggione Rosso x Uva delle Vecchie, Direct descendants of the variety are Biancone di Portoferraio. Caloria. Colombana Nera and Pollera Nera,
The variety was made by agronomist Giovanni Soderini (1526-1596) first in the late 16th century in the Tuscany mentioned, where he still wrote of red and white variants (the white is visibly extinct). The old age is proved by numerous above mentioned synonyms Clones, These all varieties occurring in Tuscany support the assumption of the Tuscan ancestry, From here, the variety probably arrived at the time of the reign of the Republic of Genoa (1284-1768) Corsica where she is known as Sciaccarello .
The medium to late ripening and vigorous vine is prone to Botrytis, It produces fruity, rather tannin and color weak red wines with moderate alcohol content as well as aromas of violets and coffee, She is often in Tuscany with the variety Sangiovese approved in numerous DOCG / DOC wines. That's among other things Carmignano. Chianti. Colli dell'Etruria Centrale. Monteregio di Massa Marittima. Morellino di Scansano. Parrina. Pomino. Rosso di Montepulciano and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, In Italy occupies it but with 52 hectars only a relatively small vineyard. On the island Corsica it is cultivated under the name Sciaccarello on 790 hectares and is among other things in the Appellation Ajaccio authorized. Small stocks should also be in Australia give. In 2010, a total of 842 hectares of vineyards were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)