The red variety is an interspecific new breed between Millardet et Grasset 101-14 (Riparia x Rupestris) - openly bloomed x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Foch, Kuhlmann 188-2, Marshal Foch and Marshal Fosh. They are genes of Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place at the beginning of the 20th century at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace by Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). The vine is named after the French Marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), who became known as the spiritual father of the after the First World War Germany dictated truce conditions in the forest of Compiègne. At the prohibition of cultivation in Germany in the mid-1930s, the name certainly played a revanchist role. With the same parents are also the new breeds Etoile I. Etoile II. Léon Millot. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Joffre and Pinard emerged. Maréchal Foch was crossing partner in the variety Millot-Foch,
The early ripening vine is resistant to frost to minus 32 degrees Celsius and fungal diseases, It produces colorful, tannin-rich red wines with herbal aromas and a slightly smoky note. She was in earlier France at the Loire widespread, but by 2010, the stock has shrunk drastically to only 13 hectares. In the Switzerland it is cultivated on 13 hectares. Also in Germany it has been approved again since 2008, but in 2010 no stocks were reported. The suitable for cold climate variety was in the 1940s by the viticulture pioneer Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896) in Canada where it occupies 158 hectares. Besides, she is also in the United States in the states Illinois (32 ha), Iowa (38 ha), new York (58 ha), Oregon and Wisconsin cultured. In 2010, a total of 356 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)