The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Millardet et Grasset 101-14 (Riparia x Rupestris) - bloomed open x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Foch, Kuhlmann 188-2, Marshal Foch and Marshal Fosh. They are genes from Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done by Eugène at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace in the early 20th century Kuhlmann (1858-1932). The vine is named after the French Marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), who became known as the spiritual father of the armistice conditions in the forest of Compiègne dictated to Germany after the First World War. The name certainly played a revanchistic role in the ban on cultivation in Germany in the mid-1930s. The new breeds are with the same parents Etoile I. Etoile II. Leon Millot. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Joffre and Pinard emerged. Maréchal Foch was a crossing partner for the variety Millot-Foch,
The early ripening vine is resistant to frost to minus 32 ° Celsius and fungal diseases, It produces colorful, tannin-rich red wines with herbal aromas and a slightly smoky note. She was in earlier France at the Loire widespread, but by 2010 the stock had shrunk dramatically to only 13 hectares. In the Switzerland it is cultivated on 13 hectares. Also in Germany it has been approved again since 2008, but in 2010 no holdings were shown. The variety suitable for cold climates was developed in the 1940s by the wine pioneer Adhémar de Chaunac (* 1896) in Canada introduced where it occupies 158 hectares. It is also used in the United States in the states Illinois (32 ha), Iowa (38 ha), new York (58 ha), Oregon and Wisconsin cultured. In 2010 a total of 356 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)