The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Millardet et Grasset 101-14 SP (Riparia x Rupestris) x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Joffre, Kuhlmann 187-1 and Marschall Joffre. They are genes from Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid took place at the beginning of the 20th century at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace by the breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). It is named after Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931), who was chief of staff in the First World War and French commander-in-chief of the armed forces from 1915 to 1916. By the way, the new breeds are with the same parents Etoile I. Etoile II. Leon Millot. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Foch and Pinard emerged. The early ripening, productive vine is moderately resistant to frost, and generally good for most vine diseases. The variety is in Canada, as well as in the US states Colorado. Minnesota and Washington grown. However, no stocks were shown in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)