The red variety is an interspecific new breed between Millardet et Grasset 101-14 SP (Riparia x Rupestris) x Goldriesling (1). Synonyms are Joffre, Kuhlmann 187-1 and Marshal Joffre. They are genes of Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place at the beginning of the 20th century at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace by the breeder Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932). It is named after the Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (1852-1931), who was Chief of the General Staff of the First World War and French Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces from 1915 to 1916. Incidentally, the same parents are also the new breeders Etoile I. Etoile II. Léon Millot. Lucie Kuhlmann. Maréchal Foch and Pinard emerged. The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is moderately resistant to frost and generally good against most vine diseases. The variety is in Canada, as well as in the US states Colorado. Minnesota and Washington grown. In 2010, however, no stocks were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)