One of the six communities (next to Listrac-Médoc. Moulis. Pauillac. Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien ) within the French area Haut-Médoc, which are independent appellations and may carry the place name on the label. Margaux is the most famous and largest community in the center of the city Médoc, The vineyards cover about 1,300 hectares of vineyards. The appellation also includes the municipalities of Arsac, Cantenac, Labarde and Soussans. The red wines produced there are among the best of Médoc. The soils consist of a shallow layer of coarse gravel over limestone mixed with fine gravel subsoil.
Margaux has 21 of the 61 Châteaux that belong to the famous and still significant Bordeaux Classification 1855 included in the Grand Cru list (that is 35% of the Médoc's Cru-Classé area). Among them are the famous classified as Premier (1st rank) Château Margaux, the five classified as Deuxième (2nd place) Château Brane-Cantenac. Château Durfort-Vivens. Château Lascombes. Château Rauzan-Gassies and Château Rauzan-Ségla as well as among other things as Troisième (3rd rank) struck Château d'Issan (see the complete list below Médoc ). Margaux is the only municipality in which all five classes are represented.
There are also well over 20 classified as Cru-bourgeois wineries such as Château Labégorce-Zédé and Château Siran, as well as a number of businesses classified as Cru Artisan. The determining species Cabernet Sauvignon usually has the largest share in the reds, which are often storable for decades, but Merlot For the most part, it has a higher proportion than other large municipalities in the Médoc. This gives the tannin-rich Margaux wines a typical, slightly more supple, softer note.