One of the six municipalities (next to Listrac-Médoc. Moulis. Pauillac. Saint-Estèphe and Saint-Julien ) within the French area Haut-Médoc, which are independent appellations and may have the place name on the label. Margaux is the most famous and largest community in the center of the Médoc, The vineyards cover around 1,300 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities Arsac, Cantenac, Labarde and Soussans also belong to the appellation. The red wines produced there are among the best from Médoc. The floors consist of a flat layer of coarse gravel over fine gravel sub-soil mixed with limestone.
Margaux has 21 of 61 Châteaux that at the famous and still significant Bordeaux classification 1855 have been included in the Grand Cru list (that is 35% of the Médoc's cru class area). Among them are the famous Premier (1st rank) Chateau Margaux, the five classified as Deuxième (2nd rank) Château Brane-Cantenac. Château Durfort-Vivens. Chateau Lascombes. Château Rauzan-Gassies and Château Rauzan-Ségla as well as classified as Troisième (3rd place) Château d'Issan (see the complete list below Médoc ). Margaux is the only municipality in which all five classes are represented.
There are also well over 20 wineries classified as Cru Bourgeois such as Château Labégorce-Zédé and Château Siran, as well as a number of companies classified as Cru Artisan. The determining variety Cabernet Sauvignon usually has the largest share in the red wines that have been storable for decades, however Merlot mostly has a higher share in the Médoc than other large municipalities. This gives the tannic-rich Margaux wines a typical, somewhat more supple, softer note.