The Spanish viticulture industrialist and journalist Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga y Balmaseda (1827-1888) was a descendant of General Baltasar Hurtado de Amezaga (1657-1720) who commanded the bourbon troops at the Battle of Almansa. He studied in Paris and Bordeaux and specialized in oenology, In 1860 he led in Rioja Alavesa 9,000 vines of the varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot, Malbec ( Cot ) and Pinot Noir to experiment with it.
Until then, only the autochthonous were there Tempranillo and Graciano been cultivated. Through a French winemaker sent by him, the in the Médoc applied Winemaking techniques introduced and French-style wines produced. After many journeys through Europe, he inherited the fifty-five-hectare Elciego and Torrea wineries from his father's hands, which he administered from Madrid. He also founded a newspaper, for which he regularly wrote articles. Hurtado de Amézaga inherited the title Marques de Riscal and is also considered the founder of the winery of the same name that still exists today.
Image: Original Unknown, La Ilustración Española y Americana, 1888, Public Domain, Link