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Marques de Pombal

The politician Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello (1699-1782) was Prime Minister Portugal during the reign of King José I (1714-1777) and the most important Portuguese statesman of the 18th century. In 1769 he was named “Marquês de Pombal” because of his merits (under this name he mostly appears in sources). With rigorous measures, Pombal tried to strengthen national manufactures and the economic dependence on foreign countries, mainly on England, to overcome. For example, he founded the “Real Companhia Velha” to break the British monopoly for the port wine trade and finally brought about the factual end of the factories activities of the famous one Factory house in the port city postage,

Marquês de Pombal - portrait and statue

In 1756, at the instigation of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello to protect the authenticity of the port wine the Portuguese region named after the river Douro defined within its limits and therefore applies alongside Chianti as one of the first origin controlled Wine regions of the world. To this end, Marquês de Pombal founded the "Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro" (General Society for the Vine Growing of the Upper Douro). This association is also the origin of the institute responsible for port wine and other Douro wines today IVDP (Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto). Marquês de Pombal was also the owner of the castle and winery in today's DOC area Carcavelos, In the capital city of Lisbon, there is today the “Praça Marquês de Pombal” square named after him. In the middle there is a 36 m high column with a 9 m statue on it. See also under Viticulture personalities,

Portrait: From Unknown, Public Domain, Link
Statue: By Jorge Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Lisboa Portugal , CC BY 2.0 , Link

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