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Marquês de Pombal

The politician Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello (1699-1782) was prime minister Portugal during the reign of King José I (1714-1777) and the most important Portuguese statesman of the 18th century. In 1769 he was named "Marquês de Pombal" for his services (under this name he appears mostly in sources). By means of rigorous measures, Pombal tried to strengthen national manufactories and reduce their economic dependence on foreign countries, mainly by England, to overcome. For example, he broke the British monopoly on the port wine trade by founding the Real Companhia Velha, eventually bringing about the later end of the factories' activities in the famous Factory House in the port city postage,

Marquês de Pombal - portrait and statue

In 1756, at the instigation of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello to protect the authenticity of the port wine the Portuguese territory named after the river Douro defined within its limits and thus applies alongside Chianti as one of the first origin controlled Wine regions of the world. For this purpose Marquês de Pombal founded the "Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro" (General Society for the Vineyards of Upper Douro). This union is also the origin of the institute responsible today for the Port Wine and the other Dourowines IVDP (Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto). Marquês de Pombal was also the owner of the castle and winery in today's DOC area Carcavelos, In the capital Lisbon, there is today in his honor named after him place "Praça Marquês de Pombal". In the middle there is a 36 m high pillar with a 9 m statue on it. See also below Viticulture personalities,

Portrait: From Unknown, Public Domain, Link
Statue: By Jorge Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil - Lisboa Portugal , CC BY 2.0 , Link

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