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Marquês de Pombal

Marquês de Pombal portrait The politician Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello (1699-1782) was prime minister Portugal during the reign of King José I (1714-1777) and the most important Portuguese statesman of the 18th century. In 1769 he was named "Marquês de Pombal" for his merits (under this name he appears mostly in sources). By means of rigorous measures, Pombal tried to strengthen national manufactories and their economic dependence on foreign countries, mainly on England, to overcome. For example, he broke the British monopoly on the port trade by founding the "Real Companhia Velha" and eventually brought about the later end of the factories' activities in the famous Factory House in the port city postage,

In 1756, at the instigation of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello to protect the authenticity of the port wine the Portuguese territory named after the river Douro defined within its limits and thus applies alongside Chianti as one of the first origin controlled Wine regions of the world. Marquês de Pombal founded the "Companhia Geral da Agricultura das Vinhas do Alto Douro" (General Society for the Viticulture of Upper Douro) for this purpose. This union is also the origin of the institute responsible today for the port and other Douroweine IVDP (Instituto dos Vinhos do Douro e Porto). Marquês de Pombal was also the owner of the castle and winery in today's DOC area Carcavelos, In the Portuguese capital Lisbon, there is today in his honor named after him place "Praça Marquês de Pombal". In the middle there is a 36 meter high pillar with a 9 meter statue on it. See also below Viticulture personalities,

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