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The red grape variety (also MN 1211) is an interspecific new breed between MN 1094 (MN 1019) x MN 1016) x Ravat 262 ( Ravat noir ). They are genes from Vitis aestivalis. Vitis berlandieri. Vitis cinerea. Vitis labrusca. Vitis lincecumii. Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1989 by Peter Hemstad and James Luby at the University of Minnesota in Excelsior. It was named after the French Jesuit priest and discoverer Jacques Marquette (1637-1675), who in 1668 in Michigan founded the first European settlement. The early to medium ripening vine is resistant to frost to minus 34 ° Celsius, as well as against both mildews and black rot, It produces acidic and tannic red wines with aromas of cherries, currants and pepper. The variety is in Canada, as well as in the US states Indiana (4 ha), Iowa (2.4 ha), Minnesota (87 ha) and Pennsylvania 0.4 ha) grown.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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