The white grape variety comes from France, It is probably after the municipality of the same name in the department Drôme named. Synonyms are Avilleran, Avilleron, Ermitage, Ermitage Blanc, Hermitage, Grosse Roussette, Malvasia Bianca di Lucania, Marsan, Marsanne Belyi, Marsanne Blanche, Marsanne Drome, Marzanne, Rousseau, Roussette Grosse, Roussette Saint-Péray and White Hermitage. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities to the variety Roussanne (Petite Roussette) can be confused with the one made in 2010 DNA analysis a Parent-offspring relationship consists.
The medium-ripening, productive vine is susceptible to the real mildew and Botrytis, It produces full-bodied, golden yellow white wines with moderate acidity and diverse aromas of almonds, honeysuckle and pears. The variety was first mentioned in 1781 in a text on the white wines of the Hermitage area. It is mainly on the Rhone grown where, for example, in the fields Cotes du Rhone. Crozes-Hermitage. Hermitage. Saint-Joseph and Saint-Péray is permitted (but not Châteauneuf-du Pape). It is often used with Roussanne and / or Viognier blended. Marsanne is one of the varieties typical of the region Rhône Recipe, In France, it occupies a total of 1,362 hectares with an increasing trend.
There is more acreage in Italy where the variety in DOC wine Colli Piacentini is approved (55 ha), in Portugal and in the Switzerland (48 ha). It is represented overseas in Argentina (1 ha), Australia (238 ha), Chile (17 ha), Canada (2 ha) and Uruguay (2 hectares), as well as in the US states California (38 ha) and Washington, The acreage in 2010 was 1,762 hectares, 10 years earlier it was 1,512.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)