The one in Bilbilis (Spanish DO area Calatayud ) born Marcus Valerius Martialis (40-102) was a Roman poet. In his frivolous ridiculous poems (epigrams) consisting of 1,500 short poems in 15 books, he critically portrayed the social conditions of Rome. Martial, however, cautiously used pseudonyms for the people whose vices he denounced. An example is: "If you think Acerra smells like yesterday's wine, you're wrong, because Accera always drinks until the day dawns . " He was particularly fond of taking on Protzer and Prahler and often mentioned wine in this context. The new rich, of course, drink the famous Opimian, a special vintage of the Falerners, Martial taunts the cult of old wine and invents a wine that has no consulate year and thus was already in the cellar before the Republic was born.
At the end of the 13th book, 21 wines are mentioned and one of poor quality is described as follows: "Do not think an amphora with Egyptian vinegar (acetum) is mean stuff - when it was still wine, it was worse ". He liked to drink wine and especially loved the Ceretanum, a wine from the Spanish town of Ceret (that is the current sherry town of Jerez). Incidentally, he recommends leaving the grapes in the vine until November, or until they are stiff with frost. So was the passum but could also be based on a conscious production of Eiswein indicate. His work later served as a role model, perhaps also for Petronius (14-66) and his famous work Satyricon, See also below drinking culture,