Term for a church festival that takes place in Central Europe, especially in Bavaria, Thuringia and Austria on the funeral day of the saint Martin of Tours (316-397) is committed. The day is characterized by numerous customs such as Martin goose dinner (Martinigansl), Martinszug and and Martinssingen. In Austria, on this day the wine is made from the one made this year vintage as Winery served for the first time; the previous one vintage it becomes a so-called "age". This church festival, celebrated as a "martini", replaced the Germanic autumn festival. The baptism of wine or blessing of the new vintage also takes place with martini on November 11th and is celebrated in numerous winegrowing communities. The reading text is often the Bible, Jesus Sirach, chap. 31, verses 25 to 31 are used. According to old custom, before this consecration, you should not toast while enjoying wine, but instead of the usual drinking award "Cheers" is to be used as "meal". Likewise, before wine baptism on Martin's Day, the wine glass may only be held with the left hand.
In the past, it was a common practice at Martini that the winemakers of wine cellar hiked to the wine cellar and tasted the young wine. If this met the expectations positively, he was “praised”, from which the “Martiniloben” is derived. Later, the custom developed to celebrate the day with a feast of roast goose with the young wine. In the meantime, this is no longer limited to November 11, but is celebrated from late October to late November. From grapes harvested on November 11th, the Martini wine vinified. In the past, in many wine-growing regions, the price of the new wine was set on November 11th. If necessary, this "Martini price" was also used as the basis for the calculation of payments such as leases. See also under Bauernregeln. Customs in viticulture and wine Saints,