Term for a church festival, which in Central Europe especially in Bavaria, Thuringia and Austria on the day of the saint Martin of Tours (316-397). The day is characterized by numerous customs such as Martinsgansessen (Martinigansl), Martin's train and Martinssingen. In Austria on this day the wine will be made from this year vintage when Winery served for the first time; the previous one vintage becomes a so-called "age". This church feast celebrated as "Martini" replaced the Germanic autumn festival. The christening and blessing of the new vintage will also take place at Martini on November 11th and will be celebrated in numerous wine-growing communities. As reading text is often the Bible, Jesus Sirach, ch. 31, verses 25 to 31 used. Before this consecration, according to the old custom, wine tasting should not be served, but instead of the usual drinking award "Cheers" is to use "meal". Likewise, before the baptism of wine on St. Martin's Day, the wine glass may only be held with the left hand.
It used to be a frequently cultivated custom to Martini that the winemakers of wine cellar went to wine cellar and tasted the young wine. Was this positive expectations, he was "praised", which is derived from the "Martiniloben". Later, the custom developed to celebrate the day with a feast of roast goose with the young wine. Meanwhile, this is no longer limited to the 11th of November, but is committed from late October to late November. From grapes harvested on November 11, the Martini wine vinified. Previously, the price of new wine was set in many wine-growing regions on November 11th. If necessary, this "Martin Price" was also used as the basis for the calculation of payments such as rent. See also below Bauernregeln. Customs in viticulture and wine Saints,