The red grape variety probably comes from Portugal. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Mourisco Preto(Australia); Lagrima Noir(France); Marufa, Mourisco, Mourisco du Douro, Mourisco Preto, Mourisco Tinto, Olho de Rei, Tinta do Caramelo, Tinta Grossa, Trujidera(Portugal); Barrete de Padre, Brujidera, Brujidero, Brujigero, Crujidera, Crujideiro, Crujidero di Spagna, Moravia Dulce, Rucial, Uva de Rei, Uva Rei, Vigorosa (Spain). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Carrega Tinto, Grossa and Tinta Barroca (all with synonym Tinta Grossa) or Moravia Agria. According to DNA analyses, it was a parent of the varieties Coloraillo, Mourisco de Semente, Preto Martinho, Tinta Barroca, Tinta da Barca and Touriga Franca. This is an all-female grape variety.
The late ripening vine is susceptible to powdery mildew and tends to trickle. It produces light-coloured red wines with a neutral aroma. In Spain, it is mostly cultivated under the name Moravia Dulce in the huge region of Castilla-La Mancha, mainly in the two provinces of Albacate and Cuenca, where it is permitted in the two DO areas of La Mancha and Manchuela. A total of 2,571 hectares of vineyards have been registered here. In Portugal, the variety occupied 4,008 hectares of vineyards, mainly in the two areas Douro and Rios do Minho, where it is also authorised for port wine. A total of 6,579 hectares of vineyard area was registered in 2010, with an upward trend. The variety thus occupied 95th place in the worldwide grape variety ranking.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Vine to Wine Circle