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The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms or varieties are Balsamina, Barzemin, Berzamino, Marzemina Cenerenta, Marzemina di Napoli, Marzemina Nera, Marzemina Veronese, Marzemino d'Isera, Marzemino d'Istria, Marzemino del Tirolo, Marzemino della Terra Ferma Veneta, Marzemino Nero and Marzemino Nero. The two most common types of game or Clones are Marzemino Comune and Marzemino Gentile .

Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Lambrusco Barghi. Marzemina Nera Bastarda. Merzifon Karasi. Negrone (Marzemino di Padova), Pavana or Vertzami be confused. According to in 2006 DNA analysis is Marzemino (as well as Lagrein ) the result of a presumably natural cross between Teroldego x unknown, probably extinct variety. Additional analyzes revealed the parenthood of Marzemino for the varieties Marzemina Bianca and Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, The hypotheses of a lineage from the Slovenian community Marzemin, from Merzifon in Turkey or from Greece prove to be unsustainable based on these results.

The first mention of this very old variety was made on June 6, 1409. In one document, a banquet in honor of Pope Gregory XII. (1335-1417) reported with the following wines: Marzemino from Gradiscutta, Ramandolo from Torlano, Ribolla by Rosazzo, verduzzo by Faedis and Refosco from Albana. In the opera "Don Giovanni" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was the wine with the exclamation "Versa il vino! Eccellente Marzemino! ”Set a musical monument. The wine at the Kaiserhof in Wien was highly valued. It was created by the botanist Johann S. Kerner (1755-1830) in a catalog of the grape varieties used in Germany at that time. In the past, the variety was also part of the classic recipe of the Chianti,

Marzemino - grape and leaf

The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to fungal diseases, especially for Botrytis and real ones mildew, It produces fruity, garnet-red, rather low tannin red wines with slightly bitter aromas of cherries, plums and violets. These are used for both still and sparkling wines. The variety is in Veneto in the DOC wines from Breganze. Colli di Conegliano. Garda. Merlara and Trentino, in the Lombardy in the DOC wines Botticino. Capriano del Colle. Cellatica. Riviera del Garda Bresciano and Terre del Colleoni, as well as in the Emilia-Romagna in DOC wine Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa authorized. In 2010, 1,090 hectares were recorded in Italy. There are also smaller stocks in Australia. Brazil (1 ha) and New Zealand,

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service

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