The red variety comes from Italy, Synonyms or varieties are Balsamina, Barzemin, Berzamino, Marzemina Cenerenta, Marzemina di Napoli, Marzemina Nera, Marzemina Veronese, Marzemino d'Isera, Marzemino d'Istria, Marzemino del Tirolo, Marzemino della Terra Ferma Veneta, Marzemino Nero and Marzemino Trevigiano. The two most common varieties or Clones are Marzemino Comune and Marzemino Gentile .
Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Lambrusco Barghi. Marzemina Nera Bastarda. Merzifon Karasi. Negrone (Marzemino di Padova), Pavana or Vertzami be confused. According to done in 2006 DNA analysis is Marzemino (as well as Lagrein ) the result of a presumably natural crossing between Teroldego x unknown probably extinct species. Additional analysis showed the parenting of Marzemino for the varieties Marzemina Bianca and Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, The hypotheses of descent from the Slovenian community of Marzemin, from Merzifon in Turkey or from Greece prove to be untenable on the basis of these results.
The first mention of this very old variety took place on June 6, 1409. In a document is from a banquet in honor of Pope Gregory XII. (1335-1417) with the following served wines: Marzemino of Gradiscutta, Ramandolo of Torlano, Ribolla from Rosazzo, verduzzo from Faedis and Refosco from Albania. In the opera "Don Giovanni" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was the wine with the exclamation "Versa il vino! Eccellente Marzemino! "Set a musical monument. At the imperial court in Wien , the wine was highly valued. It was made by botanist Johann S. Kerner (1755-1830) in a catalog of the grape varieties used in Germany at that time. Previously, the variety was also part of the classic recipe of the Chianti,
The medium to late ripening vine is prone to fungal diseases, especially for Botrytis and real mildew, It produces fruity, garnet red, rather tanninarme red wines with slightly bitter aromas of cherries, plums and violets. These are used for both still and sparkling wines. The variety is in Veneto in the DOC wines of Breganze. Colli di Conegliano. Garda. Merlara and Trentino, in the Lombardy in the DOC wines Botticino. Capriano del Colle. Cellatica. Riviera del Garda Bresciano and Terre del Colleoni, as well as in the Emilia-Romagna in the DOC wine Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa authorized. In 2010, 1,090 hectares were recorded in Italy. There are also smaller stocks in Australia. Brazil (1 ha) and New Zealand,
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service