Designation for a grape variety with high vigor, which from the outset primarily to a high earnings is aligned. In most cases, such varieties provide a rather simple wine quality, which produced as Verschnittpartner or sorted pure for in large quantities mass wines (Industrial wines) serves. For highest yields are usually in contradiction to quality, one of the important factors for high-quality wines is in addition to an optimal maturity a "right" (rather low) amount of grapes per hectare. That's why there is for quality wines always yield limits. Yields may be adjusted by appropriate measures, as appropriate training system. pruning and especially through thin out reduced and thus the quality is positively influenced.
Historical mass carriers were the so-called "Heunischen varieties". These were the three varieties until the beginning of the 19th century Elbling (which accounted for about three quarters of the German vineyards in 1800), Gouais blanc (White Heunisch) and Orleans but all of them have no meaning today. The better ones like that Pinot varieties were as Frankish designated. Current potential mass carriers are, for example, the grape varieties Airén. Chasselas. Chenin Blanc. Garnacha Tinta. mazuelo. Müller-Thurgau. Savatiano. Tempranillo and different Trebbiano varieties, However, this can also be done with appropriate yield restriction and winemaking partly quite top wines.