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Massachusetts

The state with the capital Boston is one of the six states so designated New England on the atlantic northeast coast of the United States, According to the latest research, European seafarers entered mainland America around 1000 AD. The "discovery" of America thus took place 500 years before Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), who only reached the island of Guanahani in 1492. It is certain that this was done on the site of today's city of Boston by the Icelander Leif Eriksson. This found numerous wild grapes in the woods with huge grapes hanging from the trees - he called the area "Vinland" (which probably does not mean "wine country").

After the 66-day trip, 102 Puritan pilgrims with the famous "Mayflower" landed on November 11, 1620 at the easternmost point of the USA, Cape Cod, and founded the colony "New-Plymouth" seven days later. They soon tried out the Wild vines Win wine. However, this was unsuccessful because the varieties of the species growing here Vitis labrusca had the strong, uncomfortable for Europeans Foxton, Near the city Concord the farmer selected Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) in 1849 the famous red grape variety, which he named after the city, from wild grape seeds. It is still one of the most successful today American vines,

Today there are two areas as AVA classified, these are Martha's Vineyard (this largest New English island has nothing to do with the famous vineyard of the same name in the Napa Valley in California to do) and Southeastern New England (the second area is shared with the two states Connecticut and Rhode Island ). Most of the vineyards are in the Worcester area and also on some offshore islands in Massachusetts Bay. Winter frosts occur very often, only on the coast the climate is more temperate. The Cape Cod peninsula is famous for its rich climate (for example the Kennedys) because of the mild climate.

Traditionally there are still many here hybrids spread by the American viticulture pioneer Philip wagner (1904-1996) were popularized from the early 1940s. European varieties are now increasingly being cultivated. As in all New England countries, a lot will happen fruit wine made from berries, pears and apples. The most important of the almost 20 wineries are Broad Hill Vineyards (Holliston), Cape Code Winery, Chicama Vineyards (West Tisbury on the island mentioned above), Mellea Farm Vineyards (Dudley), Nashboba Valley Winery - where beer is also brewed (Bolton), Afina Winery (Ashburnham) and Vineyard Hill Winery (Westminster).

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