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Mathias János

The Hungarian table-grape breeder János Mathiasz (1838-1921), who was born in Slovakia today, was the most prolific table-grape breeder in the world. He began his career by collecting 1,600 grape varieties, including many French and Italian grapes. In 1881 he took over the leadership of the 100 field large Andrássy vineyards, where he (unsuccessfully) fighting the phylloxera tried. Towards the end of the 19th century there was a great need for table grapes, Through a trip to France Mathias was motivated not only to take grapes but to cross new ones. After the purchase of 50 acres of vineyards at Kecskemet began his breeding activities and was supported by his younger brother Jozsef.

Breeding target were new varieties with early to late ripening period (to produce fresh grapes over a longer period of time), beautiful appearance, good transportability, rich earnings, and resistance against diseases and rot. He bred the unbelievable amount of 3,500 varieties. The most successful ones are Csaba Gyöngye (Pearl of Csaba), Queen of the vineyards (Szölöskertek Királynöje), Queen Elisabeth (Erzsébet Királyné Emléke), Kossuth Ferenc who named after his second wife Mathias Jánosne (Mathias Jánosne Muskotály), Millenium grape (Ezeréves Magyarország Emléke) and Thalloczy Lajos (Muscat Thalloczy Lajos). Of these, around 70 are still known by name and a dozen of them are distributed worldwide. Many were added new varieties used. In Hungary, Máthiasz table grapes are cultivated on around 2,200 hectares and on around 12,000 hectares worldwide. His brother Jozsef Mathiasz was also a breeder; Amongst others, the table grape comes from him Darányi Ignác,

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