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drinkability (GB)
maturité de consommation (F)
l'esser pronto per essere bevuto (I)

maturity The "right" time at which a Wine has reached the optimal maturity in its development and promises the highest, best possible drinking pleasure. The alternative term “drinking time window” (drinking window) describes more clearly that it is not an exact time, or of course cannot at all, but rather means a more or less long period. This is linked to the question of whether and how this can be determined or even predicted. In short, you can assume that with a certain probability, but never exactly and certainly not to the month and year.

With simple red wine. Rose and intended for quick enjoyment White wine the time of marketing is already ready for drinking. In the case of better qualities, the time depends on the service life or durability, This is usually different between white wine and red wine Dessert wine, An important prerequisite for longevity is the development potential of the wine. Have a positive impact on it vine, Vine care and reduced earnings ("The less the better"). The often used catchphrase "quality arises in the vineyard" is therefore justified. However, a factor that should not be underestimated is the type of winemaking or the expansion,

Longevity criteria

A high one alcohol content contributes to longevity what fortified Cry like port wine. sherry and the like is obvious. Equally important is a "harmonious balance of alcohol. acid and residual sugar ". The ratio in which these three components are ideal can be quite different for each wine, because wine is like a "living being". On Barrique or barrel aging (unge toastedlarge barrels ) is also an advantage. And last but not least, proper storage of the bottles, such as uniform cool temperature, humidity, darkness and airtight, also extends shutter the lifespan.

Drinking period

In wine guides a "drinking period" is often given. An exact date is of course not possible, but the approximate lifespan can be estimated by professional wine tasters with a rough accuracy, for example "end of 2020 to 2025+". This is the period until a wine will probably reach its "peak" at the end of this period, i.e. in the present example it will still be in "great shape" in 2025 and only after that reduction phase starts. Depending on the type of wine, this can be very different.

Strictly speaking, however, this drinking period would have to last especially for long-lived wines again tastings be verified within a reasonable period of time to confirm the forecast (or not). With professional wine guides such as Wein-Plus (with chief taster Marcus Hofschuster ), the United States wine critic Robert Parker, in Italian Gambero Rosso and some others do. Only then can you actually follow a development and objectify predictions and learn a lot from them as a side effect. Nevertheless, predictions can only be guesswork or estimates and not scientifically based statements.

There are also some tips for laypeople on how to determine or at least suspect that they are ready to drink without having to open the bottle. These include e.g. B. the occurrence of a red wine depots (Sediment) or the yellowish discoloration of a white wine (which of course requires light glass). Recently, a special device has also made it possible to use a hollow needle through the cork to take the smallest quantities and thus taste them (a system in this regard is the brand Coravin ).

further information

For more information on the complex subject area, see also the following keywords:

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